Aortic Complications of Giant Cell Arteritis: A Diagnostic and Management Dilemma.
Summary of "Aortic Complications of Giant Cell Arteritis: A Diagnostic and Management Dilemma."
Abstract We describe three giant cell aortitis patients who were operatively managed at our institution over the last seven years and review the recent relevant literature to highlight the specific features of the disease and the salient points of management in relation to the cardiac surgeon.(J Card Surg ****;**:**-**).
Department of Cardiac Surgery, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of cardiac surgery
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20678106
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1540-8191.2010.01100.x
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Granuloma, Giant Cell
A non-neoplastic inflammatory lesion, usually of the jaw or gingiva, containing large, multinucleated cells. It includes reparative giant cell granuloma. Peripheral giant cell granuloma refers to the gingiva (giant cell epulis); central refers to the jaw.
Giant Cell Arteritis
A systemic autoimmune disorder that typically affects medium and large ARTERIES, usually leading to occlusive granulomatous vasculitis with transmural infiltrate containing multinucleated GIANT CELLS. The TEMPORAL ARTERY is commonly involved. This disorder appears primarily in people over the age of 50. Symptoms include FEVER; FATIGUE; HEADACHE; visual impairment; pain in the jaw and tongue; and aggravation of pain by cold temperatures. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed)
Giant Cell Tumors
Tumors of bone tissue or synovial or other soft tissue characterized by the presence of giant cells. The most common are giant cell tumor of tendon sheath and GIANT CELL TUMOR OF BONE.
A syndrome in the elderly characterized by proximal joint and muscle pain, high erythrocyte sedimentation rate, and a self-limiting course. Pain is usually accompanied by evidence of an inflammatory reaction. Women are affected twice as commonly as men and Caucasians more frequently than other groups. The condition is frequently associated with GIANT CELL ARTERITIS and some theories pose the possibility that the two diseases arise from a single etiology or even that they are the same entity.
Small clusters of chemoreceptive and supporting cells located near the ARCH OF THE AORTA; the PULMONARY ARTERIES; and the coronary arteries. The aortic bodies sense PH; CARBON DIOXIDE; and oxygen concentrations in the BLOOD and participate in the control of RESPIRATION. The aortic bodies should not be confused with the PARA-AORTIC BODIES in the abdomen (which are sometimes also called aortic bodies).
Physicians need to be familiar with the typical manifestations of giant cell arteritis. However, the challenge lies in recognizing atypical cases that lack the more specific manifestations or reflect...
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