Development of a New Instrument for the Assessment of Psychological Predictors of Well-being and Quality of Life in People with HIV or AIDS.
Summary of "Development of a New Instrument for the Assessment of Psychological Predictors of Well-being and Quality of Life in People with HIV or AIDS."
This study aims to develop an instrument for the assessment of psychological predictors of well-being and quality of life (QoL) in people living with HIV. A four-step procedure was followed to achieve this objective. A literature review, focus group in different regions of Spain and content analysis generated a preliminary pool of 96 items. Interjudgement ratings over the items and a cognitive debriefing interview were performed to delete or review items (one omitted and 15 reviewed). The psychometric properties of the instrument were assessed in a sample of 84 HIV+. Pilot testing allowed a new wave of depuration process by empirical criteria (30 items omitted). A final pool of 63 items covering 23 facets (α from 0.53 to 0.95) of psychological predictors remained. Exploratory factorial analysis (GLS) assessing the underlying structure of the questionnaire showed a six-factor model explaining 56.5 of variance. Empirical exploratory structure revealed evidence of goodness of fit (χ(2) = 113.110, gl = 130, p > 0.05; RMSEA = 0.017; RMSEA IC90 % 0.000-0.057). This study presents the first instrument able to screen key psychological variables expected to be related to adjustment, well-being and QoL in people with HIV.
Departamento de Psicología Biológica y de la Salud, Facultad de Psicología, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Ciudad, C/Ivan Pavlov, 6, Universitaria de Cantoblanco, 28049, Madrid, Spain, firstname.lastname@example.org.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: AIDS and behavior
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22692820
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10461-012-0230-1
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Quality Assurance, Health Care
Activities and programs intended to assure or improve the quality of care in either a defined medical setting or a program. The concept includes the assessment or evaluation of the quality of care; identification of problems or shortcomings in the delivery of care; designing activities to overcome these deficiencies; and follow-up monitoring to ensure effectiveness of corrective steps.
Assessment of psychological variables by the application of mathematical procedures.
Child Development Disorders, Pervasive
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