Ectopic bone formation in a subsegmental bronchus.
Summary of "Ectopic bone formation in a subsegmental bronchus."
A 48-year-old man with fever and dry cough was admitted to our hospital. Imaging examinations revealed a mass lesion with calcification in the right B(3)b bronchus and atelectasis in the distal lung area. Subsequently, right S(3) segmentectomy was performed. There was a hard polypoid mass completely obstructing the right B(3)b bronchus. Histopathological findings suggested a metaplastic bone formation with mature bone marrow tissue leading to the primary bronchial cartilage. A case of ectopic bone formation in subsegmental bronchus has never been reported thus far. The resident fibroblasts might transform into osteoblasts under appropriate environmental conditions and induce bone formation.
Department of General Thoracic Surgery, Osaka City General Hospital, 2-13-22 Miyakojima Hondori, Miyakojima-ku, Osaka, 534-0021, Japan, email@example.com.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: General thoracic and cardiovascular surgery
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22692702
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11748-012-0065-8
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
The continuous turnover of bone matrix and mineral that involves first, an increase in resorption (osteoclastic activity) and later, reactive bone formation (osteoblastic activity). The process of bone remodeling takes place in the adult skeleton at discrete foci. The process ensures the mechanical integrity of the skeleton throughout life and plays an important role in calcium homeostasis. An imbalance in the regulation of bone remodeling's two contrasting events, bone resorption and bone formation, results in many of the metabolic bone diseases, such as OSTEOPOROSIS.
A diphosphonate which affects calcium metabolism. It inhibits ectopic calcification and slows down bone resorption and bone turnover.
Organic compounds which contain P-C-P bonds, where P stands for phosphonates or phosphonic acids. These compounds affect calcium metabolism. They inhibit ectopic calcification and slow down bone resorption and bone turnover. Technetium complexes of diphosphonates have been used successfully as bone scanning agents.
Bone Morphogenetic Protein 4
A bone morphogenetic protein that is a potent inducer of bone formation. It also functions as a regulator of MESODERM formation during EMBRYONIC DEVELOPMENT.
Bone Morphogenetic Protein 5
A bone morphogenetic protein that may play a role in CARTILAGE formation. It is a potent regulator of the growth of CHONDROCYTES and the synthesis of cartilage matrix proteins. Evidence for its role in cartilage formation can be seen in MICE, where genetic mutations that cause loss of bone morphogenetic protein 5 function result in the formation of small malformed ears.
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