Advertisement

Topics

Individual differences in perceiving and recognizing faces-one element of social cognition.

06:00 EDT 4th August 2010 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Individual differences in perceiving and recognizing faces-one element of social cognition."

Recognizing faces swiftly and accurately is of paramount importance to humans as a social species. Individual differences in the ability to perform these tasks may therefore reflect important aspects of social or emotional intelligence. Although functional models of face cognition based on group and single case studies postulate multiple component processes, little is known about the ability structure underlying individual differences in face cognition. In 2 large individual differences experiments (N = 151 and N = 209), a broad variety of face-cognition tasks were tested and the component abilities of face cognition-face perception, face memory, and the speed of face cognition-were identified and then replicated. Experiment 2 also showed that the 3 face-cognition abilities are clearly distinct from immediate and delayed memory, mental speed, general cognitive ability, and object cognition. These results converge with functional and neuroanatomical models of face cognition by demonstrating the difference between face perception and face memory. The results also underline the importance of distinguishing between speed and accuracy of face cognition. Together our results provide a first step toward establishing face-processing abilities as an independent ability reflecting elements of social intelligence. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2010 APA, all rights reserved).

Affiliation

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Journal of personality and social psychology
ISSN: 1939-1315
Pages:

Links

DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [17044 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Association between Ability Emotional Intelligence and Left Insula during Social Judgment of Facial Emotions.

The human ability of identifying, processing and regulating emotions from social stimuli is generally referred as Emotional Intelligence (EI). Within EI, Ability EI identifies a performance measure as...

Where am I? Who am I? The Relation Between Spatial Cognition, Social Cognition and Individual Differences in the Built Environment.

Knowing who we are, and where we are, are two fundamental aspects of our physical and mental experience. Although the domains of spatial and social cognition are often studied independently, a few rec...

A Qualitative Impairment in Face Perception in Alzheimer's Disease: Evidence from a Reduced Face Inversion Effect.

Prevalent face recognition difficulties in Alzheimer's disease (AD) have typically been attributed to the underlying episodic and semantic memory impairment. The aim of the current study was to determ...

Moral Fixations: The Role of Moral Integrity and Social Anxiety in the Selective Avoidance of Social Threat.

People derive their sense of belonging from perceptions of being a moral person. Research moreover suggests that social cues of rejection rapidly influence visual scanning, and result in avoidant gaze...

Revisiting the validity of measures of social cognitive bias in schizophrenia: Additional results from the Social Cognition Psychometric Evaluation (SCOPE) study.

The ongoing Social Cognition Psychometric Evaluation (SCOPE) study is in the process of forming a gold-standard battery of social cognition tests for use in clinical trials. Previous SCOPE phases have...

Clinical Trials [3314 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Efficacy of Social Cognition Training in Schizophrenia

The term social cognition refers to how social information is processed. Individuals with schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorder have been shown to have significant deficits in social ...

Social Cognition and Interaction Training for Improving Social Functioning in People With Schizophrenia

This study will determine the effectiveness of social cognition and interaction training, a manual-based group therapy program, in helping people with schizophrenia improve their social co...

Social Cognition Intervention

Veterans with schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorder experience high levels of disability and poor community outcome, and these poor functional outcomes constitute a major public healt...

Study of Familiarity in Alcohol Dependence

Background: Alcohol-dependence is a chronic disease with a high risk of relapse. The main therapeutic outcome relies on relapse prevention which seeks to identify high risk situations and...

Treating Social Cognition With Theta Burst Stimulation: a Multicentric Study

The purpose of the study is to test a new treatment of social cognition deficits in patients with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder by transcranial magnetic stimulation (theta-burs...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

The perceiving of attributes, characteristics, and behaviors of one's associates or social groups.

A personality trait rendering the individual acceptable in social or interpersonal relations. It is related to social acceptance, social approval, popularity, social status, leadership qualities, or any quality making him a socially desirable companion.

The use of community resources, individual case work, or group work to promote the adaptive capacities of individuals in relation to their social and economic environments. It includes social service agencies.

Selective perceiving such that the individual protects himself from becoming aware of something unpleasant or threatening, e.g., obscene words are not heard correctly, or violent acts are not seen accurately.

Procedures for recognizing individual animals and certain identifiable characteristics pertaining to them; includes computerized methods, ear tags, etc.

Quick Search
Advertisement
 


DeepDyve research library

Searches Linking to this Article