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A striking breakthrough to the frame of traditional cross-couplings/C-H functionalizations using an organocatalyst remains unprecedented. We uncovered a conceptually different approach toward the biaryl syntheses by using DMEDA as the catalyst to promote the direct C-H arylation of unactivated benzene in the presence of potassium tert-butoxide. The arylation of unactivated benzene with aryl iodides, or aryl bromides and even chlorides under the assistance of an iodo-group, could simply take place at 80 degrees C. The new methodology presumably involves an aryl radical anion as an intermediate. This finding offers an option toward establishing a new horizon for direct C-H/cross-coupling reactions.
College of Chemistry and Molecular Sciences, Wuhan University, Wuhan, Hubei, P. R. China, 430072, State Key Laboratory of Organometallic Chemistry, Shanghai Institute of Organic Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 354 Fenglin Lu, Shanghai, 200032, P.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of the American Chemical Society
The synergistic combination of NiH-catalyzed alkene isomerization with nickel-catalyzed cross-coupling has yielded a general protocol for the synthesis of a wide range of structurally diverse 1,1-dira...
We report a general copper-catalyzed cross-coupling of thiols with aryl bromides and aryl chlorides by using N-aryl-N'-alkyl oxalic diamide (L3) or N,N'-dialkyl oxalic diamide (L5) as the ligands. Rem...
We report the first method for the direct, regioselective Ru(ii)-catalyzed oxidative arylation of C-H bonds in diverse N-heterocycles with aryl silanes by exploiting solvent-controlled N-coordination....
In this study we developed a method for the pyridine-directed, rhodium-catalyzed, site-selective C-H alkylation and arylation of pyridones using commercially available trifluoroborate reagents. This s...
A method for intramolecular sp(2) C-H oxidative arylation of unactivated cyclic olefins has been developed to access spiro-dihydroquinoline and octahydrophenanthrene derivatives in a straightforward a...
This study measures the cardioventilatory coupling in critically ill patients during mechanical ventilation in controlled mode (pressure controlled) and in patient-driven mode (pressure su...
A variety of studies demonstrate that ocular blood flow is altered in diabetes and retinal perfusion abnormalities have been proposed to contribute to the pathogenesis of diabetic retinopa...
To perform a comparative study of multi-site left ventricular pacing and cardiac resynchronization therapy effects on ventriculoarterial coupling and energy efficiency of the failing heart
Acute kidney injury is a common complication of severe Plasmodium knowlesi malaria, and an important contributor to mortality. The exact pathogenic mechanisms of AKI in knowlesi malaria a...
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The reaction of two molecular entities via oxidation usually catalyzed by a transition metal compound and involving dioxygen as the oxidant.
Class I-restricted activation of CD8-POSITIVE LYMPHOCYTES resulting from ANTIGEN PRESENTATION of exogenous ANTIGENS (cross-presentation). This is in contrast to normal activation of these lymphocytes (direct-priming) which results from presentation of endogenous antigens.
A disorder of immunoglobulin synthesis in which large quantities of abnormal heavy chains are excreted in the urine. The amino acid sequences of the N-(amino-) terminal regions of these chains are normal, but they have a deletion extending from part of the variable domain through the first domain of the constant region, so that they cannot form cross-links to the light chains. The defect arises through faulty coupling of the variable (V) and constant (C) region genes.
International collective of humanitarian organizations led by volunteers and guided by its Congressional Charter and the Fundamental Principles of the International Red Cross Movement, to provide relief to victims of disaster and help people prevent, prepare for, and respond to emergencies.
Specialized junctions at which a neuron communicates with a target cell. At classical synapses, a neuron's presynaptic terminal releases a chemical transmitter stored in synaptic vesicles which diffuses across a narrow synaptic cleft and activates receptors on the postsynaptic membrane of the target cell. The target may be a dendrite, cell body, or axon of another neuron, or a specialized region of a muscle or secretory cell. Neurons may also communicate via direct electrical coupling with ELECTRICAL SYNAPSES. Several other non-synaptic chemical or electric signal transmitting processes occur via extracellular mediated interactions.