Impact of polyunsaturated fatty acid consumption prior to ischemic stroke.
Summary of "Impact of polyunsaturated fatty acid consumption prior to ischemic stroke."
The Japanese have higher levels of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) such as eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) in their diets. These facts may contribute to the lower rates of atherosclerosis in Japanese. The purposes of this study were to assess the PUFA levels in patients with subtypes of acute ischemic stroke and to assess the relationship between severity and PUFA levels. MATERIAL AND
We studied 75 patients with lacunar infarction (LI; n = 25), atherothrombotic infarction (AT; n = 32), and cardiogenic embolism (CE; n = 18). The patients underwent blood examinations in a fasting state next morning of hospitalization, including examination of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL), triglyceride (TG), blood glucose, hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c), uric acid, and fatty acid fractions of EPA, DHA, dihomo-γ-linolenic acid (DGLA), and arachidonic acid (AA). We used the modified Rankin Scale (mRS) to assess clinical severity at discharge.
There was no significant difference in the EPA/AA and DHA/AA ratio among the three stroke subgroups, although the DGLA/AA ratio was significantly higher in patients with LI than in patients with CE. Considering the confounding factors, the mRS was negatively correlated with EPA/AA and positively correlated with age, DHA/AA, and blood glucose.
High EPA/AA ratio was associated with good outcome in ischemic stroke. Our paper suggests that prestroke dietary habits affect the severity in patients with ischemic stroke.
Neurological Institute, Nippon Medical School, Chiba Hokusoh Hospital, Tokyo, Japan; The Second Department of Internal Medicine, Nippon Medical School, Tokyo, Japan.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Acta neurologica Scandinavica
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22694736
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0404.2012.01695.x
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Eighteen-carbon cyclopentyl polyunsaturated fatty acids derived from ALPHA-LINOLENIC ACID via an oxidative pathway analogous to the EICOSANOIDS in animals. Biosynthesis is inhibited by SALICYLATES. A key member, jasmonic acid of PLANTS, plays a similar role to ARACHIDONIC ACID in animals.
Important polyunsaturated fatty acid found in fish oils. It serves as the precursor for the prostaglandin-3 and thromboxane-3 families. A diet rich in eicosapentaenoic acid lowers serum lipid concentration, reduces incidence of cardiovascular disorders, prevents platelet aggregation, and inhibits arachidonic acid conversion into the thromboxane-2 and prostaglandin-2 families.
An unsaturated fatty acid that is the most widely distributed and abundant fatty acid in nature. It is used commercially in the preparation of oleates and lotions, and as a pharmaceutical solvent. (Stedman, 26th ed)
The application of repeated, brief periods of vascular occlusion at the onset of REPERFUSION to reduce REPERFUSION INJURY that follows a prolonged ischemic event. The techniques are similar to ISCHEMIC PRECONDITIONING but the time of application is after the ischemic event instead of before.
A doubly unsaturated fatty acid, occurring widely in plant glycosides. It is an essential fatty acid in mammalian nutrition and is used in the biosynthesis of prostaglandins and cell membranes. (From Stedman, 26th ed)
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