ApoE4 is not associated with depression when mild cognitive impairment is considered.
Summary of "ApoE4 is not associated with depression when mild cognitive impairment is considered."
The aim of the study was to examine the relationship between apolipoprotein E4 allele (ApoE4) and depression among an older Japanese population. Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) was taken into consideration.
This is a community-based cross-sectional study. We assessed the mood and cognitive function of Japanese community-dwelling individuals aged 65 years or older. In the first phase of the study, we evaluated the mood and cognitive function. In the second phase, face-to-face structured interviews were conducted. Individuals with dementia and other mental diseases were excluded on the basis of a consensus meeting of psychiatrists and neuropsychologists; 738 subjects with full data were included in the analyses. We subdivided depression into major depressive episode (MDE) and depressive symptoms cases (DSCs). DSC was defined as a score of 6 or more on the Geriatric Depression Scale but not having a diagnosis of MDE. The relationship between depression (MDE and DSC) and ApoE4 was examined by multivariate logistic regression.
The adjusted odds ratio (OR) of ApoE4 on DSC was not significant (OR = 0.82, 95%CI = 0.48-1.39, p < 0.46). Sex (OR = 2.53, 95%CI = 1.33-4.79, p < 0.01), MCI (1.95, 1.21-3.14, p < 0.01), years of education (0.87, 0.79-0.95, p < 0.01), and Nishimura's activities of daily living scores (0.75, 0.63-0.89, p < 0.01) significantly correlated with prevalence of DSC. There were no significant risk factors for MDE.
Apolipoprotein E4 allele contributed to neither DSC nor MDE. The association of MCI with ApoE4 and DSC suggested that MCI is a confounder for the association between ApoE4 and DSC. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Graduate School of Comprehensive Human Sciences, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba City, Japan.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: International journal of geriatric psychiatry
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Depression in POSTPARTUM WOMEN, usually within four weeks after giving birth (PARTURITION). The degree of depression ranges from mild transient depression to neurotic or psychotic depressive disorders. (From DSM-IV, p386)
Decompression external to the body, most often the slow lessening of external pressure on the whole body (especially in caisson workers, deep sea divers, and persons who ascend to great heights) to prevent DECOMPRESSION SICKNESS. It includes also sudden accidental decompression, but not surgical (local) decompression or decompression applied through body openings.
A condition of low alertness or cognitive impairment, usually associated with prolonged mental activities or stress.
Delirium, Dementia, Amnestic, Cognitive Disorders
Cognitive disorders including delirium, dementia, and other cognitive disorders. These may be the result of substance use, trauma, or other causes.
Affective Disorders, Psychotic
Disorders in which the essential feature is a severe disturbance in mood (depression, anxiety, elation, and excitement) accompanied by psychotic symptoms such as delusions, hallucinations, gross impairment in reality testing, etc.
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