Possible link between Hashimoto's thyroiditis and oral lichen planus: a novel association found.
Summary of "Possible link between Hashimoto's thyroiditis and oral lichen planus: a novel association found."
Hashimoto's thyroiditis as well as lichen planus has been associated to a number of disorders, generally of auto-immune origin. A novel possible association between oral lichen planus (OLP) and Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT) is here proposed on the basis of a cross-sectional survey. MATERIALS AND
One hundred and five unrelated OLP patients were considered. Diagnosis of HT was based on positive serum anti-TPO, anti-Tg, TSH levels and the typical ultrasound pattern of the thyroid gland.
In the present survey, the prevalence of HT in the OLP group was 14.3 % whereas the prevalence of HT-related hypothyroidism in the general population was reported to be equal to 1 %. By Fisher's exact test, it was revealed that the difference between our data and historical prevalence of HT was found statistically significant.
Actually, there is no definitive hypothesis that could explain the coexistence of OLP and HT. However, considering the onset timing of HT followed by OLP in 93.3 % of our series, we suspected a causal or predisposing role for HT. Specifically, we believe that in HT patients, circulating thyroid antibodies could contribute to trigger an organ-specific auto-immune response also in the oral mucosa or skin, leading to the development of LP lesions. CLINICAL
Because of the large number of cases of asymptomatic chronic auto-immune thyroiditis, it would be useful that women over 40 years of age affected by OLP were screened for thyroid dysfunction, particularly HT.
Department of Surgical Sciences, University of Foggia, Foggia, Italy.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Clinical oral investigations
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22699661
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00784-012-0767-4
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Lichen Planus, Oral
Oral lesions accompanying cutaneous lichen planus or often occurring alone. The buccal mucosa, lips, gingivae, floor of the mouth, and palate are usually affected (in a descending order of frequency). Typically, oral lesions consist of radiating white or gray, velvety, threadlike lines, arranged in a reticular pattern, at the intersection of which there may be minute, white, elevated dots or streaks (Wickham's striae). (Jablonski, Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry)
Inflammatory diseases of the THYROID GLAND. Thyroiditis can be classified into acute (THYROIDITIS, SUPPURATIVE), subacute (granulomatous and lymphocytic), chronic fibrous (Riedel's), chronic lymphocytic (HASHIMOTO DISEASE), transient (POSTPARTUM THYROIDITIS), and other AUTOIMMUNE THYROIDITIS subtypes.
An oral retinoid used in the treatment of keratotic genodermatosis, lichen planus, and psoriasis. Beneficial effects have also been claimed in the prophylaxis of epithelial neoplasia. The compound may be teratogenic.
Chronic autoimmune thyroiditis, characterized by the presence of high serum thyroid AUTOANTIBODIES; GOITER; and HYPOTHYROIDISM.
Conditions in which there is histological damage to the lower epidermis along with a grouped chronic inflammatory infiltrate in the papillary dermis disturbing the interface between the epidermis and dermis. LICHEN PLANUS is the prototype of all lichenoid eruptions. (From Rook et al., Textbook of Dermatology, 4th ed, p398)
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