HER-2 positive primary solid neuroendocrine carcinoma of the breast: a case report and review of the literature.
Summary of "HER-2 positive primary solid neuroendocrine carcinoma of the breast: a case report and review of the literature."
Primary pure neuroendocrine carcinoma of the breast is an extremely rare tumor. We report a case of primary solid neuroendocrine carcinoma in a 77-year-old postmenopausal woman who was admitted to the hospital with masses on her right breast and axillary region. Radical mastectomy with axillary lymph node resection was performed. Immunohistochemical stainings of the tumor cells with synaptophysin, GCDFP-15, estrogen, progesterone, and c-erbB-2 were positive. Five of 16 lymph nodes were metastatic. She did not receive adjuvant chemotherapy. After 15 months of follow-up she is free of the disease. Literature review revealed that this is the second case of HER-2 positive primary neuroendocrine tumor of the breast.
Department of Radiation Oncology, Selcuklu Faculty of Medicine, Selcuk University, 42075, Konya, Turkey, email@example.com.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Breast cancer (Tokyo, Japan)
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22711316
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12282-012-0382-x
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Carcinoma, Ehrlich Tumor
A transplantable, poorly differentiated malignant tumor which appeared originally as a spontaneous breast carcinoma in a mouse. It grows in both solid and ascitic forms.
Neoplasms, Ductal, Lobular, And Medullary
Neoplasms, usually carcinoma, located within the center of an organ or within small lobes, and in the case of the breast, intraductally. The emphasis of the name is on the location of the neoplastic tissue rather than on its histological type. Most cancers of this type are located in the breast.
A group of carcinomas which share a characteristic morphology, often being composed of clusters and trabecular sheets of round "blue cells", granular chromatin, and an attenuated rim of poorly demarcated cytoplasm. Neuroendocrine tumors include carcinoids, small ("oat") cell carcinomas, medullary carcinoma of the thyroid, Merkel cell tumor, cutaneous neuroendocrine carcinoma, pancreatic islet cell tumors, and pheochromocytoma. Neurosecretory granules are found within the tumor cells. (Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)
Carcinoma, Merkel Cell
A carcinoma arising from MERKEL CELLS located in the basal layer of the epidermis and occurring most commonly as a primary neuroendocrine carcinoma of the skin. Merkel cells are tactile cells of neuroectodermal origin and histologically show neurosecretory granules. The skin of the head and neck are a common site of Merkel cell carcinoma, occurring generally in elderly patients. (Holland et al., Cancer Medicine, 3d ed, p1245)
A infiltrating (invasive) breast cancer, relatively uncommon, accounting for only 5%-10% of breast tumors in most series. It is often an area of ill-defined thickening in the breast, in contrast to the dominant lump characteristic of ductal carcinoma. It is typically composed of small cells in a linear arrangement with a tendency to grow around ducts and lobules. There is likelihood of axillary nodal involvement with metastasis to meningeal and serosal surfaces. (DeVita Jr et al., Cancer: Principles & Practice of Oncology, 3d ed, p1205)
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