Externalities of Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission Programs: A Systematic Review.
Summary of "Externalities of Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission Programs: A Systematic Review."
There has been considerable debate about the effects of targeted global health assistance in low- and middle-income countries on health systems, specifically HIV/AIDS funding. Recently, a handful of studies have emerged that describe the implementation of PMTCT programs, which have many theoretical links to maternal and child health. Through a systematic review of research published between January 2000 and March 2011, this paper synthesizes evidence evaluating the impact of these programs. We assessed 5,855 papers, reviewed 154, and included 21 articles. They offer evidence of beneficial synergies between PMTCT programs and both STI prevention and early childhood immunization. Other data, including information about antenatal and delivery care, family planning, and nutrition supplementation varied considerably across studies demonstrating both positive and negative effects of PMTCT. More research is needed to allow countries and funders to make informed decisions regarding allocation of limited funds to targeted versus broad categories of health care.
College of Arts and Sciences, Yale University, New Haven, CT, USA.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: AIDS and behavior
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22711224
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10461-012-0228-8
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Drug Utilization Review
Formal programs for assessing drug prescription against some standard. Drug utilization review may consider clinical appropriateness, cost effectiveness, and, in some cases, outcomes. Review is usually retrospective, but some analysis may be done before drugs are dispensed (as in computer systems which advise physicians when prescriptions are entered). Drug utilization review is mandated for Medicaid programs beginning in 1993.
Interaction between the mother and the child.
Healthy People Programs
Healthy People Programs are a set of health objectives to be used by governments, communities, professional organizations, and others to help develop programs to improve health. It builds on initiatives pursued over the past two decades beginning with the 1979 Surgeon General's Report, Healthy People, Healthy People 2000: National Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Objectives, and Healthy People 2010. These established national health objectives and served as the basis for the development of state and community plans. These are administered by the Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (ODPHP). Similar programs are conducted by other national governments.
Review of the medical necessity of hospital or other health facility admissions, upon or within a short time following an admission, and periodic review of services provided during the course of treatment.
Centers For Disease Control And Prevention (u.s.)
An agency of the UNITED STATES PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE that conducts and supports programs for the prevention and control of disease and provides consultation and assistance to health departments and other countries.
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