Smoking cessation counselling practices among QuĂ©bec optometrists: evaluating beliefs, practices, barriers and needs.
Summary of "Smoking cessation counselling practices among QuĂ©bec optometrists: evaluating beliefs, practices, barriers and needs."
Background:â€‚ Despite the fact that cigarette smoking is a well known risk factor for many ocular diseases, very little data exist regarding optometrists' interventions in smoking cessation counselling with their patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the practices, perceptions and educational needs of QuĂ©bec optometrists regarding smoking cessation counselling. Methods:â€‚ A self-administered questionnaire pertaining to smoking cessation counselling practices was mailed to 600 optometrists licensed in QuĂ©bec. Results:â€‚ The response rate was 51 per cent. The majority (90 per cent) of respondents (n = 288) reported having the required knowledge of ocular diseases related to smoking. Most respondents recognised that optometrists should ask their patients if they smoke (73 per cent), should advise their smoking patients to stop smoking (65 per cent) and should be cognisant of the resources available that can support patients in their efforts to quit smoking (65 per cent). Few responders asked their patients on a regular basis if they indeed smoked (16 per cent) or advised them to stop, if such was the case (29 per cent). Moreover, only eight per cent of respondents knew the resources toward which they should direct their patients who wish to stop smoking. Only eight per cent of respondents perceived themselves as being competent to offer counselling. For 72 per cent of the respondents, the main obstacle to smoking cessation counselling was the lack of knowledge about counselling. Approximately half (48 per cent) of respondents are interested in acquiring competencies in smoking cessation counselling. Conclusion:â€‚ Based on the results of the present study, optometrists in QuĂ©bec are well aware of the effects of smoking on ocular health and the importance of educating their patients; however, they might not possess the required skills to assist their patients in quitting smoking. Because they have not received sufficient training, optometrists in QuĂ©bec remain an untapped resource in tobacco cessation counselling.
Ă‰cole d'optomĂ©trie, UniversitĂ© de MontrĂ©al, MontrĂ©al, QuĂ©bec, Canada. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Clinical & experimental optometry : journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22709364
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1444-0938.2012.00748.x
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Discontinuation of the habit of smoking, the inhaling and exhaling of tobacco smoke.
Tobacco Use Cessation
Cessation of the habit of using tobacco products for smoking or chewing, including the use of snuff.
A unicyclic, aminoketone antidepressant. The mechanism of its therapeutic actions is not well understood, but it does appear to block dopamine uptake. The hydrochloride is available as an aid to smoking cessation treatment.
Beliefs and practices concerned with producing desired results through supernatural forces or agents as with the manipulation of fetishes or rituals.
An alkaloid that has actions similar to NICOTINE on nicotinic cholinergic receptors but is less potent. It has been proposed for a variety of therapeutic uses including in respiratory disorders, peripheral vascular disorders, insomnia, and smoking cessation.
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