Randomised clinical trial: pre-dosing with taribavirin before starting pegylated interferon vs. standard combination regimen in treatment-naïve patients with chronic hepatitis C genotype 1.
Summary of "Randomised clinical trial: pre-dosing with taribavirin before starting pegylated interferon vs. standard combination regimen in treatment-naïve patients with chronic hepatitis C genotype 1."
Combination therapy with the ribavirin (RBV) prodrug taribavirin (TBV) and pegylated interferon (PIFN) has produced lower rates of anaemia than with RBV and PIFN. Studies have demonstrated that the sharpest decline in viral load during TBV therapy occurs at Weeks 4 through 6, when TBV reaches steady-state blood levels.
The current proof-of-concept study was conducted to examine whether first-order viral kinetics could be influenced by pre-dosing TBV to steady state before introducing PIFN.
Therapy-naïve patients with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 1 (G1) were randomised to receive (i) TBV 600 mg BID monotherapy for 4 weeks followed by combination therapy with PIFN [pre-dosing arm (n = 23)] or (ii) TBV administered concurrently with PIFN [standard dosing arm (n = 19)].
More patients achieved undetectable virus or a ≥2-log(10) reduction of HCV RNA at Week 4 in the pre-dosing vs. the standard dosing arm [33% vs. 22% (P = 0.497)]. There was also a trend towards greater reduction in mean log(10) change in HCV RNA in the pre-dosing vs. the standard dosing arm, which was statistically significant at Day 1 [-0.34 ± 0.46 vs. 0.09 ± 0.32 (P < 0.003)] but not at other time points up to Week 24. No significant difference was observed in the rates of anaemia (haemoglobin <10 g/dL) between study arms (4.5% vs. 5.3%).
Pre-dosing TBV prior to starting PIFN produces a trend towards improved efficacy although statistical significance was not reached in this small patient population. These results warrant larger clinical trials of TBV pre-dosing.
Liver Center of Long Island, Plainview, NY, USA.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Alimentary pharmacology & therapeutics
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22708649
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2036.2012.05188.x
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Controlled Clinical Trial
Work consisting of a clinical trial involving one or more test treatments, at least one control treatment, specified outcome measures for evaluating the studied intervention, and a bias-free method for assigning patients to the test treatment. The treatment may be drugs, devices, or procedures studied for diagnostic, therapeutic, or prophylactic effectiveness. Control measures include placebos, active medicine, no-treatment, dosage forms and regimens, historical comparisons, etc. When randomization using mathematical techniques, such as the use of a random numbers table, is employed to assign patients to test or control treatments, the trial is characterized as a RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL.
Randomized Controlled Trial
Work consisting of a clinical trial that involves at least one test treatment and one control treatment, concurrent enrollment and follow-up of the test- and control-treated groups, and in which the treatments to be administered are selected by a random process, such as the use of a random-numbers table.
Compassionate Use Trials
Providing an investigational therapy to a patient who is not eligible to receive that therapy in a clinical trial, but who has a serious or life-threatening illness for which other treatments are not available. Compassionate use trials allow patients to receive promising but not yet fully studied or approved therapies when no other treatment option exists. Also called expanded access trial.
Work that is the report of a pre-planned clinical study of the safety, efficacy, or optimum dosage schedule of one or more diagnostic, therapeutic, or prophylactic drugs, devices, or techniques in humans selected according to predetermined criteria of eligibility and observed for predefined evidence of favorable and unfavorable effects. While most clinical trials concern humans, this publication type may be used for clinical veterinary articles meeting the requisites for humans. Specific headings for specific types and phases of clinical trials are also available.
Clinical Trial, Phase I
Work that is the report of a pre-planned, usually controlled, clinical study of the safety and efficacy of diagnostic, therapeutic, or prophylactic drugs, devices, or techniques based on a small number of healthy persons and conducted over the period of about a year in either the United States or a foreign country.
Aim: The World Medical Association Declaration of Helsinki states that the use of a placebo in a clinical trial can only be justified ethically when no proven active treatment is available as a com...
OBJECTIVE: To assess if authors of randomised clinical trials convey the fact that they have used surrogate outcomes and discussed their validity. DESIGN: Cohort study. SETTING: Six major general medi...
Aims: The TWENTE trial recently enrolled more than 80% of all eligible patients, who were randomised to zotarolimus-eluting Resolute or everolimus-eluting Xience V stents. In the present study, we inv...
PURPOSE: The aim of this randomised clinical trial was to determine whether spinal anaesthesia (SPA) is superior to total intravenous anaesthesia (TIVA) in patients undergoing pilonidal sinus (PS) ope...
BACKGROUND: Aminosalicylates are first-choice treatment for mild-to-moderately active ulcerative colitis (UC); however, multi-dosing regimens are inconvenient. AIM: To compare the efficacy and safety...
The objective of the study is to select an optimal dose of taribavirin by comparing the efficacy and safety of 3 taribavirin dose levels, 20, 25, and 30 mg/kg/day, versus ribavirin 800 to...
This substudy is an open-label, randomised study comparing the uptake of recombinant interleukin-2 (rIL-2) in HIV-1 infected individuals receiving different combinations of antiemetics and...
A prospective, randomized trial to compare the time taken to achieve a therapeutic INR upon re-starting warfarin at a "loading" dose (namely 1.5 times the "maintenance" dose for 3 days) co...
Individuals taking warfarin often need frequent dose changes as the INR gets too high or too low which could result in a higher risk of thromboembolism, bleeding and early discontinuation...
The purpose of this study is to compare the antiviral activity of two treatment groups for HIV chronic infection: a QD regimen of didanosine, lamivudine and efavirenz versus a BID regimen...