Efficacy of the density gradient centrifugation method in eliminating sperm with aneuploidy.
Summary of "Efficacy of the density gradient centrifugation method in eliminating sperm with aneuploidy."
The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of the PureSperm density gradient centrifugation on the selecting sperm with less chromosomal aneuploidy. Semen samples were obtained from 30 infertile men with teratozoospermia and 15 fertile men with normal semen parameters. The frequencies of numerical chromosomes aberrations were simultaneously identified in neat semen and in the different fractions of the density gradient centrifugation from the same samples. Using a triple colour FISH, we show that patients with severe teratozoospermia have a significantly increased frequency of chromosomal abnormalities in their neat semen compared with normozoospermic men (P < 0.001). The mean sperm motility and sperm morphology were improved significantly after semen processing with three layers PureSperm gradient compared with whole semen (P < 0.001). In addition, aneuploidy frequencies were lower in specimens enriched by the gradient centrifugation compared with unprocessed semen. Significant differences were observed in the disomy rates for the autosome and for either sex chromosome between the neat semen and the different PureSperm fractions (P < 0.001). In conclusion, our study shows that semen processing by density gradient centrifugation is very efficient in reducing sperm with aneuploidy and diploidy.
Department of Cytogenetic and Reproductive Biology, Farhat Hached, University Teaching Hospital, Sousse, Tunisia.
This article was published in the following journal.
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22731405
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0272.2012.01327.x
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
A technique used to separate particles according to their densities in a continuous density gradient. The sample is usually mixed with a solution of known gradient materials and subjected to centrifugation. Each particle sediments to the position at which the gradient density is equal to its own. The range of the density gradient is usually greater than that of the sample particles. It is used in purifying biological materials such as proteins, nucleic acids, organelles, and cell types.
Centrifugation, Density Gradient
Separation of particles according to density by employing a gradient of varying densities. At equilibrium each particle settles in the gradient at a point equal to its density. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Centrifugation using a rotating chamber of large capacity in which to separate cell organelles by density-gradient centrifugation. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
A solute for density gradient centrifugation offering higher maximum solution density without the problems of increased viscosity. It is also used as a resorbable, non-ionic contrast medium.
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