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For approximately the past 10 years the aspects of quality and risk management have spread widely not only into the realm of hospitals but also into overall general medicine, which is viewed by many physicians as a paradigmatic change. The required use of the WHO operating room (OR) checklist has in the meantime become routine procedure in many hospitals but with varying degrees of acceptance. Current data reaffirm the positive effect of the checklist in lowering complication and mortality rates. This effect can be directly traced to a higher level for safety culture in the OR.
Klinik und Poliklinik für Chirurgie, Abteilung für Allgemeine Chirurgie, Viszeral-, Thorax- und Gefäßchirurgie, Universitätsmedizin Greifswald, Ferdinand-Sauerbruchstraße, 17475, Greifswald, Deutschland.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift fur alle Gebiete der operativen Medizen
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Specially trained personnel to assist in routine technical procedures in the operating room.
The functions of the professional nurse in the operating room.
Information systems, usually computer-assisted, designed to store, manipulate, and retrieve information for planning, organizing, directing, and controlling administrative activities associated with the provision and utilization of operating room services and facilities.
Apparatus for removing exhaled or leaked anesthetic gases or other volatile agents, thus reducing the exposure of operating room personnel to such agents, as well as preventing the buildup of potentially explosive mixtures in operating rooms or laboratories.
The process of minimizing risk to an organization by developing systems to identify and analyze potential hazards to prevent accidents, injuries, and other adverse occurrences, and by attempting to handle events and incidents which do occur in such a manner that their effect and cost are minimized. Effective risk management has its greatest benefits in application to insurance in order to avert or minimize financial liability. (From Slee & Slee: Health care terms, 2d ed)