Meta-analysis: the impact of IL28B polymorphisms on rapid and sustained virological response in HCV-2 and -3 patients.
Summary of "Meta-analysis: the impact of IL28B polymorphisms on rapid and sustained virological response in HCV-2 and -3 patients."
Recent studies suggested that IL28B polymorphisms may affect rapid and sustained virological response rates in HCV patients infected with genotype 2 or 3.
To assess the role of IL28B polymorphisms on the virological response in HCV-2 and -3 patients.
We performed meta-analysis of studies evaluating the impact of rs12979860 and rs8099917 polymorphisms on rapid and sustained virological response in HCV-2 or -3 patients.
Twenty-three studies involving 3042 patients were included. The first meta-analysis evaluated the impact of rs12979860 polymorphism and included 1963 patients. When compared with rs12979860 CT/TT patients, CC patients had a higher rapid virological response rate (mean difference: 12.9%, 95%
6.5-19.4%, P < 0.001) and a higher sustained virological response rate (mean difference: 4.9%, 95%
0.1-9.8%, P = 0.046). The second meta-analysis evaluated the impact of rs8099917 polymorphism and included 2246 patients. When compared with rs8099917 TG/GG patients, TT patients had a higher rapid virological response rate (mean difference: 14.8%, 95%
7.2-22.4%, P < 0.001) and a higher sustained virological response rate (mean difference: 5.5%, 95%
0.4-10.6%, P = 0.033). When considering only patients treated for 24 weeks, results were unchanged. No potential sources of between-study heterogeneity were identified.
Favourable IL28B polymorphisms are associated with higher rapid and sustained virological response rates in HCV-2 and -3 patients. However, as the impact on a sustained response is very limited, it is unlikely that IL28B polymorphisms provide additional predictive value when considering other predictors of a sustained response.
Service de Gastroentérologie et d'Hépatopancréatologie, Hôpital Erasme, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Brussels, Belgium.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Alimentary pharmacology & therapeutics
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22742526
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2036.2012.05197.x
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Works consisting of studies using a quantitative method of combining the results of independent studies (usually drawn from the published literature) and synthesizing summaries and conclusions which may be used to evaluate therapeutic effectiveness, plan new studies, etc. It is often an overview of clinical trials. It is usually called a meta-analysis by the author or sponsoring body and should be differentiated from reviews of literature.
Amplified Fragment Length Polymorphism Analysis
The detection of RESTRICTION FRAGMENT LENGTH POLYMORPHISMS by selective PCR amplification of restriction fragments derived from genomic DNA followed by electrophoretic analysis of the amplified restriction fragments.
Meta-analysis As Topic
A quantitative method of combining the results of independent studies (usually drawn from the published literature) and synthesizing summaries and conclusions which may be used to evaluate therapeutic effectiveness, plan new studies, etc., with application chiefly in the areas of research and medicine.
Analysis of PEPTIDES that are generated from the digestion or fragmentation of a protein or mixture of PROTEINS, by ELECTROPHORESIS; CHROMATOGRAPHY; or MASS SPECTROMETRY. The resulting peptide fingerprints are analyzed for a variety of purposes including the identification of the proteins in a sample, GENETIC POLYMORPHISMS, patterns of gene expression, and patterns diagnostic for diseases.
The influence of study results on the chances of publication and the tendency of investigators, reviewers, and editors to submit or accept manuscripts for publication based on the direction or strength of the study findings. Publication bias has an impact on the interpretation of clinical trials and meta-analyses. Bias can be minimized by insistence by editors on high-quality research, thorough literature reviews, acknowledgement of conflicts of interest, modification of peer review practices, etc.
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