Prevention of ACL Injury, Part I: Injury Characteristics, Risk Factors, and Loading Mechanism.
Summary of "Prevention of ACL Injury, Part I: Injury Characteristics, Risk Factors, and Loading Mechanism."
The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury is one of the most common injuries in sports. ACL injuries are not only costly from financial and health services consumption standpoints, but also can have devastating consequences on patients' activity levels and quality of life. Tremendous efforts have been made over the past two decades toward the goal of preventing ACL injuries. A substantial number of studies have been performed to determine the characteristics of ACL injury events, identify risk factors for ACL injury, and develop prevention strategies. The purpose of this review was to objectively summarize the current literature regarding the characteristics of ACL injury, ACL loading mechanisms, and risk factors for injury to provide a comprehensive understanding of the current state of research and how our current level of knowledge may inform clinical practice in this area.
a Center for Human Movement Science, Division of Physical Therapy , University of North Carolina , Chapel Hill , North Carolina , USA.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Research in sports medicine (Print)
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22742075
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15438627.2012.680990
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
An injury in which the damage is located on the opposite side of the primary impact site. A blow to the back of head which results in contrecoup injury to the frontal lobes of the brain is the most common type.
Smoke Inhalation Injury
Pulmonary injury following the breathing in of toxic smoke from burning materials such as plastics, synthetics, building materials, etc. This injury is the most frequent cause of death in burn patients.
Abbreviated Injury Scale
Classification system for assessing impact injury severity developed and published by the American Association for Automotive Medicine. It is the system of choice for coding single injuries and is the foundation for methods assessing multiple injuries or for assessing cumulative effects of more than one injury. These include Maximum AIS (MAIS), Injury Severity Score (ISS), and Probability of Death Score (PODS).
Abducens Nerve Injury
Traumatic injury to the abducens, or sixth, cranial nerve. Injury to this nerve results in lateral rectus muscle weakness or paralysis. The nerve may be damaged by closed or penetrating CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA or by facial trauma involving the orbit.
Injury following pressure changes; includes injury to the eustachian tube, ear drum, lung and stomach.
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