Esophageal Stenting and Radiotherapy: A Multimodal Approach for the Palliation of Symptomatic Malignant Dysphagia.
Summary of "Esophageal Stenting and Radiotherapy: A Multimodal Approach for the Palliation of Symptomatic Malignant Dysphagia."
Esophageal stents provide immediate palliation of malignant dysphagia; however, radiotherapy (RT) is a superior long-term option. We review the outcomes of combined esophageal stenting and RT for patients with malignant dysphagia.
We retrospectively reviewed patients with esophageal stents placed for palliation of malignant dysphagia from esophageal stricture, esophageal extrinsic compression, or malignant tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF). We excluded patients with radiation-induced TEF in the absence of tumor. We analyzed and compared outcomes between patients with no RT, RT before stent placement, and RT after stent placement.
We placed stents in 45 patients for esophageal stricture from esophageal cancer (n = 30; 66.7 %), malignant TEF (n = 8; 17.7 %), and esophageal compression from airway, mediastinal, or metastatic malignancies (n = 7; 15.6 %). Twenty patients (44.4 %) had no RT; 25 patients had RT before stent placement (n = 16; 35.6 %), RT after stent placement (n = 8; 17.8 %), or both (n = 1; 2.2 %). Median follow-up was 30 days. Complications requiring stent revision were similar with or without RT. Subjective symptom relief was achieved in 68.9 % of all patients, with no differences noted between groups (p = 0.99). The 30-day mortality was 15.6 %. Patients with RT after stent placement had a longer median survival compared to those without RT (98 vs. 38 days).
Esophageal stent placement with RT is a safe approach for malignant dysphagia.
Division of General Thoracic and Foregut Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA, email@example.com.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Annals of surgical oncology
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22752374
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1245/s10434-012-2459-3
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Radiotherapy given to augment some other form of treatment such as surgery or chemotherapy. Adjuvant radiotherapy is commonly used in the therapy of cancer and can be administered before or after the primary treatment.
An antineoplastic antimetabolite that is metabolized to fluorouracil when administered by rapid injection; when administered by slow, continuous, intra-arterial infusion, it is converted to floxuridine monophosphate. It has been used to treat hepatic metastases of gastrointestinal adenocarcinomas and for palliation in malignant neoplasms of the liver and gastrointestinal tract.
The use of IONIZING RADIATION to treat malignant NEOPLASMS and some benign conditions.
The total amount of radiation absorbed by tissues as a result of radiotherapy.
A pathological condition characterized by the presence of a number of ESOPHAGEAL DIVERTICULA in the ESOPHAGUS.
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