No conclusive evidence for association of polymorphisms in the adiponectin receptor 1 gene, AdipoR1, with common obesity.
Summary of "No conclusive evidence for association of polymorphisms in the adiponectin receptor 1 gene, AdipoR1, with common obesity."
AdipoR1 is one of the adiponectin receptors which are important for adiponectin signaling. Because adiponectin is a candidate gene for common obesity, it is also hypothesized that variations in AdipoR1 may be involved in the development of complex obesity. Therefore, we designed an association study for the AdipoR1 gene. We performed a case-control association study including 1,021 obese subjects (mean age 42 ± 12 years; mean BMI 38.2 ± 6.2 kg/m²) and 226 lean, healthy individuals (mean age 36 ± 7 years; mean BMI 22.1 ± 1.7 kg/m²). Nine tagSNPs were selected to cover the entire AdipoR1 gene and surrounding 7 kb region (based on HapMap data). TagSNPs were genotyped using AcycloPrime-Fluorescence Polarization (FP) SNP Detection kits and TaqMan Pre-Designed SNP Genotyping assays according to manufacturer's protocols. We found that the rs1075399 non-reference allele decreases obesity risk by 45 % in men only [odds ratio (OR) = 0.55, 95 % CI 0.35-0.87, nominal P = 0.010]. However, after Bonferroni correction for multiple testing, this association is lost. None of the other tagSNPs were associated with obesity when studying the entire population, nor when looking at men and women separately. Quantitative analysis of the effect of each SNP on height, weight, and BMI revealed that none of the tagSNPs are associated with weight or BMI. We report here that we found no decisive evidence for association between AdipoR1 tagSNPs and complex obesity in our Belgian Caucasian population.
Department of Medical Genetics, University of Antwerp, Universiteitsplein 1, 2610, Antwerp, Belgium.
This article was published in the following journal.
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22767440
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12020-012-9736-6
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
A 30-kDa COMPLEMENT C1Q-related protein, the most abundant gene product secreted by FAT CELLS of the white ADIPOSE TISSUE. Adiponectin modulates several physiological processes, such as metabolism of GLUCOSE and FATTY ACIDS, and immune responses. Decreased plasma adiponectin levels are associated with INSULIN RESISTANCE; TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS; OBESITY; and ATHEROSCLEROSIS.
Cell surface receptors for ADIPONECTIN, an antidiabetic hormone secreted by ADIPOCYTES. Adiponectin receptors are membrane proteins with multiple cytoplasmic and extracellular regions. They are about 43 kDa and encoded by at least two genes with different affinities for globular and full-length adiponectin.
Protein Tyrosine Phosphatase, Non-receptor Type 22
A subtype of non-receptor protein tyrosine phosphatases that is characterized by the presence of an N-terminal catalytic domain and a C-terminal PROLINE-rich domain. The phosphatase subtype is predominantly expressed in LYMPHOCYTES and plays a key role in the inhibition of downstream T-LYMPHOCYTE activation. Polymorphisms in the gene that encodes this phosphatase subtype are associated with a variety of AUTOIMMUNE DISEASES.
A member of the tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily with specificity for CD40 LIGAND. It is found on mature B-LYMPHOCYTES and some EPITHELIAL CELLS, lymphoid DENDRITIC CELLS. Evidence suggests that CD40-dependent activation of B-cells is important for generation of memory B-cells within the germinal centers. Mutations of the gene for CD40 antigen result in HYPER-IGM IMMUNODEFICIENCY SYNDROME, TYPE 3. Signaling of the receptor occurs through its association with TNF RECEPTOR-ASSOCIATED FACTORS.
The erbB-2 gene is a proto-oncogene that codes for the erbB-2 receptor (RECEPTOR, ERBB-2), a protein with structural features similar to the epidermal growth factor receptor. Its name originates from the viral oncogene homolog (v-erbB) which is a truncated form of the chicken erbB gene found in the avian erythroblastosis virus. Overexpression and amplification of the gene is associated with a significant number of adenocarcinomas. The human c-erbB-2 gene is located at 17q21.2.
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