Characterisation and migration properties of silicone materials during typical long-term commercial and household use applications: a combined case study.
Summary of "Characterisation and migration properties of silicone materials during typical long-term commercial and household use applications: a combined case study."
In consequent continuation of previous described studies, pre-characterised silicone materials were assessed for chemical and physical parameters during long-term usage. In a particular case study silicone moulds were used in a commercial pizza bakery on a daily basis up to 1700 times. Migration behaviour, uptake of fat, the amount of volatiles and extractables, as well as physical properties (elongation, tensile strength) were monitored for the whole period. The main question was whether a significant degradation or even breakdown of the silicone elastomer could take place yielding enhanced migration of dimethyl siloxanes. Oligomeric dimethyl siloxanes are reaction side-products of the polymerisation process and despite their origin as so-called non-intentionally added substances (NIAS) were found to be the by far most dominating constituents of the overall migration. Furthermore, the influence of long-term thermal stress on the functionality of the elastomer was proven. Migration into food was determined by (1)H-NMR and was found to decrease during the experiment from values between 11 and 18 mg kg(-1) to levels below the limit of detection (LOD < 1 mg kg(-1)). No formation of migrating siloxanes beside the initial amount in the new, unused moulds could be observed. The loss of extractable siloxanes of the used compared with the new moulds was compensated by an uptake of fat and other lipophilic food constituents. The release of volatile organic compounds (VOC) decreased from 0.44% for the new moulds to 0.14% for the longest used ones (about 1700 individual uses; the corresponding summarised baking time was approximately 400 h at 180°C). GC-MS analysis of evaporating volatile compounds showed only cyclic oligomers for the new moulds but exclusively incorporated food components for the heavily used moulds. The physical properties of the silicone moulds remained almost constant during the experiment; no limitations in function due to the repeated thermal stress were observed. Similar results were obtained for baby teats under household conditions of use: a 100 times repeated simulated use in contact with milk followed by subsequent microwave sterilisation did not influence the function or mechanical properties. Because milk is only a weak extracting agent no significant changes in the amount of extractable siloxanes between new and used teats could was seen. Again an uptake of fat was seen and the amount of VOC decreased from 0.26% to 0.17%.
a Landesuntersuchungsanstalt für das Gesundheits- und Reichenbachstr. 71/73 , Dresden D-01217 , Germany.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Food additives & contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, analysis, control, exposure & risk assessment
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22765201
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/19440049.2012.694374
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
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Substances used to create an impression, or negative reproduction, of the teeth and dental arches. These materials include dental plasters and cements, metallic oxide pastes, silicone base materials, or elastomeric materials.
Polymers of silicone that are formed by crosslinking and treatment with amorphous silica to increase strength. They have properties similar to vulcanized natural rubber, in that they stretch under tension, retract rapidly, and fully recover to their original dimensions upon release. They are used in the encapsulation of surgical membranes and implants.
Synthetic organosiloxane gels that are formed from synthetic polymers of silicone oxide with organic sidechains (polydimethylsiloxane) by lengthening the polymer chains. Unlike silicone elastomers, they are not treated with amorphous silica. They are used as fillers in breast implants.
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