Aminomethylene Peptide Nucleic Acid (am-PNA): Synthesis, Regio-/Stereospecific DNA Binding, And Differential Cell Uptake of (α/γ,R/S)am-PNA Analogues.
Summary of "Aminomethylene Peptide Nucleic Acid (am-PNA): Synthesis, Regio-/Stereospecific DNA Binding, And Differential Cell Uptake of (α/γ,R/S)am-PNA Analogues."
Inherently chiral, cationic am-PNAs having pendant aminomethylene groups at α(R/S) or γ(S) sites on PNA backbone have been synthesized. The modified PNAs are shown to stabilize duplexes with complementary cDNA in a regio- and stereo-preferred manner with γ(S)-am PNA superior to α(R/S)-am PNAs and α(R)-am PNA better than the α(S) isomer. The enhanced stabilization of am-
DNA duplexes is accompanied by a greater discrimination of mismatched bases. This seems to be a combined result of both electrostatic interactions and conformational preorganization of backbone favoring the cDNA binding. The am-PNAs are demonstrated to effectively traverse the cell membrane, localize in the nucleus of HeLa cells, and exhibit low toxicity to cells.
Organic Chemistry Division, National Chemical Laboratory , Pune 411008, India.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: The Journal of organic chemistry
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Techniques for measuring specific nucleic acid interaction with another nucleic acid or with a protein by digestion of the non-interacting nucleic acid by various nucleases. After all non-interacting regions are eliminated by nuclease digestion, the protected nucleic acid that remains is analyzed. DNA FOOTPRINTING utilizes this technique to analyze the DNA contact sites of DNA-BINDING PROTEINS.
The enzymatic synthesis of PEPTIDES without an RNA template by processes that do not use the ribosomal apparatus (RIBOSOMES).
The production of PEPTIDES or PROTEINS by the constituents of a living organism. The biosynthesis of proteins on RIBOSOMES following an RNA template is termed translation (TRANSLATION, GENETIC). There are other, non-ribosomal peptide biosynthesis (PEPTIDE BIOSYNTHESIS, NUCLEIC ACID-INDEPENDENT) mechanisms carried out by PEPTIDE SYNTHASES and PEPTIDYLTRANSFERASES. Further modifications of peptide chains yield functional peptide and protein molecules.
Double-stranded nucleic acid molecules (DNA-DNA or DNA-RNA) which contain regions of nucleotide mismatches (non-complementary). In vivo, these heteroduplexes can result from mutation or genetic recombination; in vitro, they are formed by nucleic acid hybridization. Electron microscopic analysis of the resulting heteroduplexes facilitates the mapping of regions of base sequence homology of nucleic acids.
A very strong halogenated derivative of acetic acid. It is used in acid catalyzed reactions, especially those where an ester is cleaved in peptide synthesis.