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Inherently chiral, cationic am-PNAs having pendant aminomethylene groups at α(R/S) or γ(S) sites on PNA backbone have been synthesized. The modified PNAs are shown to stabilize duplexes with complementary cDNA in a regio- and stereo-preferred manner with γ(S)-am PNA superior to α(R/S)-am PNAs and α(R)-am PNA better than the α(S) isomer. The enhanced stabilization of am-
DNA duplexes is accompanied by a greater discrimination of mismatched bases. This seems to be a combined result of both electrostatic interactions and conformational preorganization of backbone favoring the cDNA binding. The am-PNAs are demonstrated to effectively traverse the cell membrane, localize in the nucleus of HeLa cells, and exhibit low toxicity to cells.
Organic Chemistry Division, National Chemical Laboratory , Pune 411008, India.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: The Journal of organic chemistry
While many antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) disrupt bacterial membranes, some translocate into bacteria and interfere with intracellular processes. Buforin II and DesHDAP1 are thought to kill bacteria by...
Zinc ions form complexes with β-amyloid peptides and play an important role in Alzheimer's disease pathogenesis. It has been demonstrated by turbidimetry and correlation spectroscopy that synthetic p...
Antisense peptide nucleic acids (PNAs) are synthetic polymers that mimic DNA/RNA and inhibit bacterial gene expression in a sequence-specific manner.
Protein-nucleic acid interactions play a crucial role in many biological processes. This work investigates the changes of pKa values and protonation states of ionizable groups (including nucleic acid ...
Amyloid-β peptide (Aβ) plays a central role in Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathogenesis. Besides extracellular Aβ, intraneuronal Aβ (iAβ) has been suggested to contribute to AD onset and development...
The primary purpose of the study is to evaluate the therapeutic efficacy and safety of cholic acid in subjects with identified inborn errors of bile acid synthesis.
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of bariatric surgery in bile acid homeostasis and its interrelationship with the metabolic changes induced by the surgery. This study c...
This is a pilot study to evaluate the performance of several nucleic acid amplification methodologies in the diagnosis and management of active tuberculosis
OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the effectiveness of oral bile acid therapy with cholic acid, chenodeoxycholic acid, and ursodeoxycholic acid in patients with peroxisomal disorders involving impa...
Validate a simple and cost-effective Nucleic Acid Test for HIV Detection in order to develop a rapid, highly sensitive and specific, one-stage test for the diagnosis of HIV infection. Bloo...
Techniques for measuring specific nucleic acid interaction with another nucleic acid or with a protein by digestion of the non-interacting nucleic acid by various nucleases. After all non-interacting regions are eliminated by nuclease digestion, the protected nucleic acid that remains is analyzed. DNA FOOTPRINTING utilizes this technique to analyze the DNA contact sites of DNA-BINDING PROTEINS.
The enzymatic synthesis of PEPTIDES without an RNA template by processes that do not use the ribosomal apparatus (RIBOSOMES).
The production of PEPTIDES or PROTEINS by the constituents of a living organism. The biosynthesis of proteins on RIBOSOMES following an RNA template is termed translation (TRANSLATION, GENETIC). There are other, non-ribosomal peptide biosynthesis (PEPTIDE BIOSYNTHESIS, NUCLEIC ACID-INDEPENDENT) mechanisms carried out by PEPTIDE SYNTHASES and PEPTIDYLTRANSFERASES. Further modifications of peptide chains yield functional peptide and protein molecules.
Double-stranded nucleic acid molecules (DNA-DNA or DNA-RNA) which contain regions of nucleotide mismatches (non-complementary). In vivo, these heteroduplexes can result from mutation or genetic recombination; in vitro, they are formed by nucleic acid hybridization. Electron microscopic analysis of the resulting heteroduplexes facilitates the mapping of regions of base sequence homology of nucleic acids.
A very strong halogenated derivative of acetic acid. It is used in acid catalyzed reactions, especially those where an ester is cleaved in peptide synthesis.
DNA sequencing is the process of determining the precise order of nucleotides within a DNA molecule. During DNA sequencing, the bases of a small fragment of DNA are sequentially identified from signals emitted as each fragment is re-synthesized from a ...
Bioinformatics is the application of computer software and hardware to the management of biological data to create useful information. Computers are used to gather, store, analyze and integrate biological and genetic information which can then be applied...