Identification of a Selective RORγ Ligand That Suppresses T(H)17 Cells and Stimulates T Regulatory Cells.
Summary of "Identification of a Selective RORγ Ligand That Suppresses T(H)17 Cells and Stimulates T Regulatory Cells."
Nuclear receptors (NRs) are ligand-regulated transcription factors, many of which are validated targets for clinical purposes. The retinoic acid receptor-related orphan nuclear receptors alpha and gamma t (RORα and RORγt) are considered to be the master regulators of development of T(H)17 cells, a subset of T cells that have been implicated in the pathology of several autoimmune diseases, including multiple sclerosis (MS) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA). We report here the identification of a novel RORγ-specific synthetic ligand, SR1555, that not only inhibits T(H)17 cell development and function but also increases the frequency of T regulatory cells. Our data suggests synthetic RORγ ligands can be developed that target both suppression of T(H)17 and stimulation of T regulatory cells, offering key advantages in development of therapeutics targeting autoimmune diseases.
The Scripps Research Institute, Jupiter, Florida 33458, United States.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: ACS chemical biology
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
CD4-positive T cells that inhibit immunopathology or autoimmune disease in vivo. They inhibit the immune response by influencing the activity of other cell types. Regulatory T-cells include naturally occurring CD4+CD25+ cells, IL-10 secreting Tr1 cells, and Th3 cells.
A membrane glycoprotein and differentiation antigen expressed on the surface of T-cells that binds to CD40 ANTIGENS on B-LYMPHOCYTES and induces their proliferation. Mutation of the gene for CD40 ligand is a cause of HYPER-IGM IMMUNODEFICIENCY SYNDROME, TYPE 1.
A membrane bound member of the TNF superfamily that is expressed on activated B-LYMPHOCYTES; MACROPHAGES; and DENDRITIC CELLS. The ligand is specific for the 4-1BB RECEPTOR and may play a role in inducing the proliferation of activated peripheral blood T-LYMPHOCYTES.
An 11-amino acid peptide derived from the N-terminal fragment of pro-opiomelanocortin (POMC). Gamma-MSH stimulates adrenal steroidogenesis and has an regulatory role in the cardiovascular and the renal systems.
Tnf-related Apoptosis-inducing Ligand
A transmembrane-protein belonging to the TNF family of intercellular signaling proteins. It is a widely expressed ligand that activates APOPTOSIS by binding to TNF-RELATED APOPTOSIS-INDUCING LIGAND RECEPTORS. The membrane-bound form of the protein can be cleaved by specific CYSTEINE ENDOPEPTIDASES to form a soluble ligand form.
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