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There is an urgent need for in vitro screening assays to evaluate nanoparticle (NP) toxicity. However, the relevance of in vitro assays is still disputable. We administered doses of TiO(2) NPs of different sizes to alveolar epithelial cells in vitro and the same NPs by intratracheal instillation in rats in vivo to examine the correlation between in vitro and in vivo responses. The correlations were based on toxicity rankings of NPs after adopting NP surface area as dose metric, and response per unit surface area as response metric. Sizes of the anatase TiO(2) NPs ranged from 3 to 100 nm. A cell-free assay for measuring reactive oxygen species (ROS) was used, and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) release, and protein oxidation induction were the in vitro cellular assays using a rat lung Type I epithelial cell line (R3/1) following 24 h incubation. The in vivo endpoint was number of PMNs in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) after exposure of rats to the NPs via intratracheal instillation. Slope analyses of the dose response curves shows that the in vivo and in vitro responses were well correlated. We conclude that using the approach of steepest slope analysis offers a superior method to correlate in vitro with in vivo results of NP toxicity and for ranking their toxic potency.
Department of Environmental Medicine, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY 14642, USA. XHan2100@gmail.com
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To demonstrate correlations among in vitro assays used for assessing cytotoxicity of contact lens multipurpose solution (MPS) and propose the use of multiple assays as a part of preclinical evaluation...
The evaluation of new intranasal medications requires the development of in vitro cell model suitable for high-throughput screening studies. The aim of a pharmacological model is to closely mimic the ...
Biofortification aims to improve the micronutrient concentration of staple food crops through the best practices of breeding and modern biotechnology. However, increased zinc and iron concentrations i...
Background: Studies examining the ability of estrogen replacement therapy (ERT) to enhance memory in women, and in animal models, have not produced consistent results. However, studies examining the e...
This work explores the order of linguistic references to the two genders (e.g., men and women vs. women and men). It argues that a gender is more likely to be mentioned first when it is perceived to h...
Colonoscopy( examining the colon with a flexible tube and a camera ) is usually done for screening purposes to find any precancerous lesions (polyps) at an early stage. During the colonosc...
This protocol is for a number of in vitro studies using human surgical biopsies and evaluating the pharmacology and genetics of human nociceptors ("pain detecting") neurons
1. To administer a questionnaire to patients seen by Wills Eye Glaucoma Department physicians at Wills Eye Hospital assessing satisfaction with their office visit, vision related...
Methods of infertility treatment may involve in vitro fertilization or IVF. Though effective, IVF is complex and expensive. Methods using no gonadotropin hormone stimulation of the ovaries...
The study mainly focuse on examining the subjects living in traffic polluted area with elevated blood pressure and assessing the popuation health risk using disease and risk assessment mod...
Research using processes by which the reliability and relevance of a procedure for a specific purpose are established.
Works consisting of research using processes by which the reliability and relevance of a procedure for a specific purpose are established.
Studies using excised tissues.
A graphic means for assessing the ability of a screening test to discriminate between healthy and diseased persons; may also be used in other studies, e.g., distinguishing stimuli responses as to a faint stimuli or nonstimuli.
Classification system for assessing impact injury severity developed and published by the American Association for Automotive Medicine. It is the system of choice for coding single injuries and is the foundation for methods assessing multiple injuries or for assessing cumulative effects of more than one injury. These include Maximum AIS (MAIS), Injury Severity Score (ISS), and Probability of Death Score (PODS).
An assay is an analytic procedure for qualitatively assessing or quantitatively measuring the presence or amount or the functional activity of a target entity. This can be a drug or biochemical substance or a cell in an organism or organic sample. ...