Better dementia assessments.
Summary of "Better dementia assessments."
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This article was published in the following journal.
Name: JAMA : the journal of the American Medical Association
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22797624
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jama.2012.8388
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Frontotemporal Lobar Degeneration
Heterogeneous group of neurodegenerative disorders characterized by frontal and temporal lobe atrophy associated with neuronal loss, gliosis, and dementia. Patients exhibit progressive changes in social, behavioral, and/or language function. Multiple subtypes or forms are recognized based on presence or absence of TAU PROTEIN inclusions. FTLD includes three clinical syndromes: FRONTOTEMPORAL DEMENTIA, semantic dementia, and PRIMARY PROGRESSIVE NONFLUENT APHASIA.
The most common clinical form of FRONTOTEMPORAL LOBAR DEGENERATION, this dementia presents with personality and behavioral changes often associated with disinhibition, apathy, and lack of insight.
An imprecise term referring to dementia associated with CEREBROVASCULAR DISORDERS, including CEREBRAL INFARCTION (single or multiple), and conditions associated with chronic BRAIN ISCHEMIA. Diffuse, cortical, and subcortical subtypes have been described. (From Gerontol Geriatr 1998 Feb;31(1):36-44)
Diffuse Neurofibrillary Tangles With Calcification
A form of presenile DEMENTIA characterized by cortical dementia, NEUROFIBRILLARY TANGLES without SENILE PLAQUES, Fahr's type CALCINOSIS, and ATROPHY in frontotemporal or TEMPORAL LOBE.
Delirium, Dementia, Amnestic, Cognitive Disorders
Cognitive disorders including delirium, dementia, and other cognitive disorders. These may be the result of substance use, trauma, or other causes.
ABSTRACT Background: The validity of self-reported quality-of-life (QoL) assessments of people with dementia (PWD) is a critical issue. We designed this study to determine the non-cognitive factors th...
ABSTRACTBackground: Neuropsychiatric symptoms (NPS) are highly prevalent among nursing home patients with dementia. Several studies have investigated subsyndromes of NPS but the stability of these sub...
BACKGROUND: Dementia and delirium appear to be common among older patients admitted to acute hospitals although there are few Australian data regarding these important conditions. The aim of this stud...
ABSTRACTBackground: The relationship between weight and dementia risk has not been investigated in populations with relatively low body mass index (BMI) such as the Yoruba. This study set out to achie...
Stroke is a major risk factor for the development of dementia in the elderly. It is unclear which genes influence risk of delayed dementia after stroke. We tested a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP...
Studies have shown conflicting results of the effect of exercise on dementia patients. The aim of this study is to examine the role of physical activity on the risk of cognitive impairmen...
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common form of dementia and is characterized by both cognitive and behavioural symptoms ("Behavioural and Psychological Symptoms of Dementia"; BPSD). T...
The purpose of this study is to use a brain imaging method called PIB PET to determine dementia subtypes in patients with Parkinson's disease. The ultimate goal of this project is to be a...
The purpose of this study is to see if it is safe and effective to give CPI-1189 to patients with AIDS dementia. Advanced HIV infection can cause AIDS dementia (brain damage due to HIV le...
The purpose of this research study is to compare the effectiveness of Zolpidem CR to that of placebo in improving sleep efficiency in people with dementia admitted to the hospital because...