A study on the short-term effect of cafeteria diet and pioglitazone on insulin resistance and serum levels of adiponectin and ghrelin.
Summary of "A study on the short-term effect of cafeteria diet and pioglitazone on insulin resistance and serum levels of adiponectin and ghrelin."
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Departamento de Clínica Médica, Hospital Universitário, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, SC, Brasil.
This article was published in the following journal.
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
A syndrome with excessively high INSULIN levels in the BLOOD. It may cause HYPOGLYCEMIA. Etiology of hyperinsulinism varies, including hypersecretion of a beta cell tumor (INSULINOMA); autoantibodies against insulin (INSULIN ANTIBODIES); defective insulin receptor (INSULIN RESISTANCE); or overuse of exogenous insulin or HYPOGLYCEMIC AGENTS.
Diminished effectiveness of INSULIN in lowering blood sugar levels: requiring the use of 200 units or more of insulin per day to prevent HYPERGLYCEMIA or KETOSIS. It can be caused by the presence of INSULIN ANTIBODIES or the abnormalities in insulin receptors (RECEPTOR, INSULIN) on target cell surfaces. It is often associated with OBESITY; DIABETIC KETOACIDOSIS; INFECTION; and certain rare conditions. (from Stedman, 25th ed)
A diet that contains limited amounts of CARBOHYDRATES. This is in distinction to a regular DIET.
Effect Modifiers (epidemiology)
Factors that modify the effect of the putative causal factor(s) under study.
Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal. This does not include DIET THERAPY, a specific diet prescribed in the treatment of a disease.
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Pioglitazone, a full peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)-γ agonist, improves insulin sensitivity by increasing circulating adiponectin levels. However, the molecular mechanisms by which...
Rats exposed to an energy rich, cafeteria diet overeat and become obese. The present experiment examined the neural and behavioural effects of shifting obese rats from this diet to chow and lean rats...
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Olanzapine and highly palatable diets can alter metabolism and brain function. We investigated the interaction of chronic treatment (4 months) with olanzapine and a cafeteria diet on metabolic paramet...
To investigate two cafeteria-based methods of weight gain prevention in overweight men and women.
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The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of pioglitazone treatment on insulin secretion, insulin resistance, and progression of atherosclerosis in renal allograft recipients withou...