Echocardiography in emergency diagnostics.
Summary of "Echocardiography in emergency diagnostics."
Echocardiography plays an important role in emergency medicine because this non-invasive method is universally available and provides crucial diagnostic findings for acute decision making. The cardiac etiology in the presence of acute chest pain, acute dyspnea, hemodynamic instability or shock, new heart murmurs, chest trauma, peripheral embolism and cardiac arrest can be determined by echocardiography in the emergency scenario. The analysis of left ventricular function documents myocardial ischemia and myocardial infarction. Analysis of right ventricular function documents right heart infarction, pulmonary embolism, tension pneumothorax and sequelae of chest trauma. Echocardiography differentiates between different entities of shock. The analysis of heart valves is a domain of echocardiography. Affections of the pericardium and the hemodynamic sequelae can also be determined. It is obvious that echocardiography with its multiple diagnostic applications can only be well performed, especially in emergency medicine after in-depth education and training in this method.
Abteilung für Kardiologie-Angiologie, Department für Innere Medizin, Neurologie und Dermatologie, Universitätsklinikum Leipzig AöR, Liebigstr. 20, 04103, Leipzig, Deutschland, Andreas.Hagendorff@medizin.uni-leipzig.de.
This article was published in the following journal.
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22836902
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00059-012-3646-5
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Echocardiography amplified by the addition of depth to the conventional two-dimensional ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY visualizing only the length and width of the heart. Three-dimensional ultrasound imaging was first described in 1961 but its application to echocardiography did not take place until 1974. (Mayo Clin Proc 1993;68:221-40)
A subfield of acoustics dealing in the radio frequency range higher than acoustic SOUND waves (approximately above 20 kilohertz). Ultrasonic radiation is used therapeutically (DIATHERMY and ULTRASONIC THERAPY) to generate HEAT and to selectively destroy tissues. It is also used in diagnostics, for example, ULTRASONOGRAPHY; ECHOENCEPHALOGRAPHY; and ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY, to visually display echoes received from irradiated tissues.
Emergency Medical Technicians
Paramedical personnel trained to provide basic emergency care and life support under the supervision of physicians and/or nurses. These services may be carried out at the site of the emergency, in the ambulance, or in a health care institution.
Dynamic three-dimensional echocardiography using the added dimension of time to impart the cinematic perception of motion. (Mayo Clin Proc 1993;68:221-40)
Echocardiography, Doppler, Color
Echocardiography applying the Doppler effect, with the superposition of flow information as colors on a gray scale in a real-time image.
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