The pathophysiology of preeclampsia in view of the two-stage model.
Summary of "The pathophysiology of preeclampsia in view of the two-stage model."
Preeclampsia is a common and severe disease in pregnancy, a major cause of maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. The main features of the disease are de novo hypertension after the 20th gestational week and proteinuria, and it is frequently accompanied by edema and other subjective symptoms. The origin of the disease is the placenta, but its sequelae affect multiple organ systems. According to the two-stage model of preeclampsia, the abnormal and hypoperfused placenta (stage 1) releases factors to the bloodstream, which are responsible for the maternal symptoms (stage 2). Oxidative stress, impaired function of nitric-oxide synthase, cellular and humoral immunological factors play an important role in the pathophysiology of the placenta. Endothelial dysfunction is the common denominator of the clinical symptoms. The theory explains the origins of hypertension, proteinuria, edema and other symptoms as well. Orv. Hetil., 2012, 153, 1167-1176.
Semmelweis Egyetem Általános Orvostudományi Kar Budapest Fecske u. 41. 1084.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Orvosi hetilap
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22835633
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1556/OH.2012.29415
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