Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
It is accepted that resurfacing hip replacement preserves the bone mineral density (BMD) of the femur better than total hip replacement (THR). However, no studies have investigated any possible difference on the acetabular side. Between April 2007 and March 2009, 39 patients were randomised into two groups to receive either a resurfacing or a THR and were followed for two years. One patient's resurfacing subsequently failed, leaving 19 patients in each group. Resurfaced replacements maintained proximal femoral BMD and, compared with THR, had an increased bone mineral density in Gruen zones 2, 3, 6, and particularly zone 7, with a gain of 7.5% (95% confidence interval (CI) 2.6 to 12.5) compared with a loss of 14.6% (95% CI 7.6 to 21.6). Resurfacing replacements maintained the BMD of the medial femoral neck and increased that in the lateral zones between 12.8% (95% CI 4.3 to 21.4) and 25.9% (95% CI 7.1 to 44.6). On the acetabular side, BMD was similar in every zone at each point in time. The mean BMD of all acetabular regions in the resurfaced group was reduced to 96.2% (95% CI 93.7 to 98.6) and for the total hip replacement group to 97.6% (95% CI 93.7 to 101.5) (p = 0.4863). A mean total loss of 3.7% (95% CI 1.0 to 6.5) and 4.9% (95% CI 0.8 to 9.0) of BMD was found above the acetabular component in W1 and 10.2% (95% CI 0.9 to 19.4) and 9.1% (95% CI 3.8 to 14.4) medial to the implant in W2 for resurfaced replacements and THRs respectively. Resurfacing resulted in a mean loss of BMD of 6.7% (95% CI 0.7 to 12.7) in W3 but the BMD inferior to the acetabular component was maintained in both groups. These results suggest that the ability of a resurfacing hip replacement to preserve BMD only applies to the femoral side.
University of Southern Denmark, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Traumatology, Odense University Hospital, Sdr. Boulevard 29, 5000 Odense C, Denmark.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: The Journal of bone and joint surgery. British volume
Large animal models of osteoporosis are essential for osteoporosis research. However, the time required to establish an accurate osteoporosis model is unknown. Therefore, the aim of the present study ...
Because of the recent trend for total hip arthroplasty in younger patients, more bone-preserving implants have been designed, based partly on the premise that maintenance of more bone stock would allo...
Femoral neck fractures are treated either by internal fixation or arthroplasty. Usually, cannulated cancellous screws are used for osteosynthesis of fracture neck of femur. The bone impregnated hip sc...
Traumatic posterior hip dislocation associated with a fracture of the femoral neck is a rare injury. The combination of posterior dislocation of the femoral head with ipsilateral femoral neck and shaf...
All obesity measures were positively associated with femoral neck bone mineral density (BMD), but not with lumbar spine BMD. Hip circumference was the most important obesity measure in relation to BMD...
Substudy and continuation of HEMI-SAB-UUS (NCT00491673) Study on radiostereometric measurements of acetabular wear in bipolar hemiarthroplasties and measurements of periprosthetic bone mi...
The main goal prospectively evaluate bone mineral density adjacent to the femoral component and femoral bone remodeling of two different designs: CORAIL impaction broach titanium stem comp...
In this randomised study, the migration of a specific cemented titanium femoral stem will be compared with a similar cemented cobalt-chromium stem using Roentgen stereogrammetric analysis ...
An estimated 1.6 million patients sustain a hip fracture every year, about half of these are intracapsular femoral neck fractures. A femoral neck fracture is a life changing event for any ...
Hip fractures mostly occur in elderly people with low bone strength. Bone strength is determined by bone mineral density (BMD), bone turnover, microarchitectural and geometrical properties...
Fractures of the FEMUR HEAD; the FEMUR NECK; (FEMORAL NECK FRACTURES); the trochanters; or the inter- or subtrochanteric region. Excludes fractures of the acetabulum and fractures of the femoral shaft below the subtrochanteric region (FEMORAL FRACTURES).
A groin hernia occurring inferior to the inguinal ligament and medial to the FEMORAL VEIN and FEMORAL ARTERY. The femoral hernia sac has a small neck but may enlarge considerably when it enters the subcutaneous tissue of the thigh. It is caused by defects in the ABDOMINAL WALL.
Congenital dislocation of the hip generally includes subluxation of the femoral head, acetabular dysplasia, and complete dislocation of the femoral head from the true acetabulum. This condition occurs in approximately 1 in 1000 live births and is more common in females than in males.
The amount of mineral per square centimeter of BONE. This is the definition used in clinical practice. Actual bone density would be expressed in grams per milliliter. It is most frequently measured by X-RAY ABSORPTIOMETRY or TOMOGRAPHY, X RAY COMPUTED. Bone density is an important predictor for OSTEOPOROSIS.
Disease involving the femoral nerve. The femoral nerve may be injured by ISCHEMIA (e.g., in association with DIABETIC NEUROPATHIES), nerve compression, trauma, COLLAGEN DISEASES, and other disease processes. Clinical features include MUSCLE WEAKNESS or PARALYSIS of hip flexion and knee extension, ATROPHY of the QUADRICEPS MUSCLE, reduced or absent patellar reflex, and impaired sensation over the anterior and medial thigh.
Latest News Clinical Trials Research Drugs Reports Corporate
Osteoporosis is a disease in which the bones become extremely porous, are subject to fracture, and heal slowly, occurring especially in women following menopause and often leading to curvature of the spine from vertebral collapse. Follow and track&n...