Main Effects and Interactions of Carbonic Anhydrase IX, Hypoxia-inducible Factor-1α, Ezrin and Glucose Transporter-1 in Multivariate Analysis for Disease Outcome in Rectal Cancer.
Summary of "Main Effects and Interactions of Carbonic Anhydrase IX, Hypoxia-inducible Factor-1α, Ezrin and Glucose Transporter-1 in Multivariate Analysis for Disease Outcome in Rectal Cancer."
Strong expression of carbonic anhydrase IX (CA IX), hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α), ezrin and glucose transporter-1 (GLUT-1) were previously shown to be interrelated and to affect clinicopathological prognostic factors. In the current study, operative samples from 178 rectal cancer patients, 77 treated with short-course, 47 with long-course preoperative radiotherapy (RT), and 54 with no preoperative treatment, as well as 80 preoperative biopsies from the RT group were analysed using multivariate modelling in order to assess the role of these markers as predictors of disease outcome. Multivariate survival analysis revealed several sets of panels with the potential ability to identify patients at increased or decreased risk of dying from their disease or disease recurrence. The most remarkable panel, consisting of moderate/strong expression of CA IX, positive HIF-1α expression and negative/weak GLUT-1 expression in operative samples and negative/weak ezrin expression in preoperative biopsies was associated with 47.5-fold risk of death from this disease. These results should, however, be interpreted with caution due to the heterogeneity of the patient population in this retrospective study.
Department of Oncology and Radiotherapy, Turku University Hospital, Hämeentie 11, PB 52, FIN-20521 Turku, Finland. firstname.lastname@example.org or email@example.com.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Anticancer research
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Hypoxia-inducible Factor 1
A basic helix-loop-helix transcription factor that plays a role in APOPTOSIS. It is composed of two subunits: ARYL HYDROCARBON RECEPTOR NUCLEAR TRANSLOCATOR and HYPOXIA-INDUCIBLE FACTOR 1, ALPHA SUBUNIT.
Hypoxia-inducible Factor 1, Alpha Subunit
Hypoxia-inducible factor 1, alpha subunit is a basic helix-loop-helix transcription factor that is regulated by OXYGEN availability and is targeted for degradation by VHL TUMOR SUPPRESSOR PROTEIN.
Carbonic Anhydrase Ii
A cytosolic carbonic anhydrase isoenzyme found widely distributed in cells of almost all tissues. Deficiencies of carbonic anhydrase II produce a syndrome characterized by OSTEOPETROSIS, renal tubular acidosis (ACIDOSIS, RENAL TUBULAR) and cerebral calcification. EC 4.2.1.-
Carbonic Anhydrase Iv
A membrane-bound carbonic anhydrase found in lung capillaries and kidney.
Carbonic Anhydrase V
A carbonic anhydrase isoenzyme found in MITOCHONDRIA where it provides bicarbonate ions that are components in the urea cycle and in GLUCONEOGENESIS.
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