Evaluation of antibodies directed against human protease-activated receptor-2.

Summary of "Evaluation of antibodies directed against human protease-activated receptor-2."

Protease-activated receptor 2 (PAR2) is a G protein-coupled receptor activated by intramolecular docking of a tethered ligand that is released by the actions of proteases, mainly of the serine protease family. Here, we evaluate four commercially available anti-PAR2 antibodies, SAM11, C17, N19 and H99, demonstrating marked differences in the ability of these reagents to detect the target receptor in Western blot, immunocytochemical and flow cytometry applications. In Western blot analysis, we evaluated antibody reactivity against both ectopic and endogenous receptors. Against material from transfected cells, we show that SAM11 and N19, and to a lesser extent C17, but not H99, are able to detect ectopic PAR2. Interestingly, these Western blot analyses indicate that N19 and C17 detect conformations of ectopic PAR2 distinct to those recognised by SAM11. Significantly, our data also indicate that Western blot signal detected by SAM11 and C17, and much of the signal detected by N19, against cells endogenously expressing PAR2 is non-specific. Despite confounding non-specific signals, we were able to discern N19 reactivity against endogenous PAR2 as a broad smear that we also observed in ectopically expressing human and mouse cells and that is sensitive to loss of N-glycosylation. In immunocytochemistry analysis, each antibody is able to detect ectopic PAR2 although it appears that H99 detects only a subset of the ectopically expressed receptor. In addition, SAM11 and N19 are able to detect both ectopic and endogenous cell surface PAR2 by flow cytometry. In summary: (1) each antibody can detect ectopic PAR2 by immunocytochemical analysis with SAM11 and N19 suitable for cell surface detection of both ectopic and endogenous receptor by flow cytometry; (2) in Western blot analysis, N19, SAM11 and C17 can detect ectopically expressed PAR2, with only N19 able to detect the endogenous receptor by this technique and (3) in each of these approaches, appropriate controls are essential to ensure that non-specific reactivity is identified.


Mater Medical Research Institute, Aubigny Place, Raymond Terrace, South Brisbane, QLD, 4101, Australia.

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's archives of pharmacology
ISSN: 1432-1912


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