Efficacy and cost: avoiding undertreatment of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting.
Summary of "Efficacy and cost: avoiding undertreatment of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting."
Although nausea and vomiting occur in patients with cancer for various reasons, chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) remains one of the most distressing symptoms associated with cancer therapy. Despite advances in the management of that side effect, patients with cancer receiving chemotherapy continue to report CINV. Oncology nurses should be aware of advances in the management of CINV. Healthcare provider perceptions of CINV may not accurately represent actual occurrence of the symptom, and CINV may affect patients' quality of life or even treatment adherence for selected patients. Although evidence-based guidelines are available, not all healthcare providers, including oncology nurses, follow recommendations for prevention of CINV. Inadequately treated CINV can lead to increased resource costs, as well as patient suffering. This article will review the evidence for the cost of inadequately treated CINV, as well as current clinical guidelines for management of this symptom. Oncology nurses are critical in the assessment and management of CINV, as well as in making recommendations for practice improvement.
Oncology Nurse Practitioner and Consultant, Goleta, CA.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Clinical journal of oncology nursing
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22842698
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1188/12.CJON.E133-E141
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
A competitive serotonin type 3 receptor antagonist. It is effective in the treatment of nausea and vomiting caused by cytotoxic chemotherapy drugs, including cisplatin, and has reported anxiolytic and neuroleptic properties.
A dopamine antagonist that is particularly useful in treating the nausea and vomiting associated with anesthesia, mildly emetic cancer chemotherapy agents, radiation therapy, and toxins. This piperazine phenothiazine does not prevent vertigo or motion sickness. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1994, p457)
A drug combination that contains DIPHENHYDRAMINE and THEOPHYLLINE. It is used for treating vertigo, motion sickness, and nausea associated with pregnancy. It is not effective in the treatment of nausea associated with cancer chemotherapy.
Drugs used to prevent NAUSEA or VOMITING. Antiemetics act by a wide range of mechanisms. Some act on the medullary control centers (the vomiting center and the chemoreceptive trigger zone) while others affect the peripheral receptors.
Symptoms of NAUSEA and VOMITING in pregnant women that usually occur in the morning during the first 2 to 3 months of PREGNANCY. Severe persistent vomiting during pregnancy is called HYPEREMESIS GRAVIDARUM.
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