Post-thoracotomy pain syndrome: assessment and intervention.

14:52 EDT 24th October 2014 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Post-thoracotomy pain syndrome: assessment and intervention."

Surgery is a cornerstone of treatment in early-stage non-small cell lung cancer. Chronic postoperative thoracotomy pain, post-thoracotomy pain syndrome (PTPS), is a condition occurring in 50% of postsurgical patients with lung cancer and is largely unrecognized. This article examines the diagnosis and treatment of PTPS to assist oncology nurses in providing better care to this patient population. Post-thoracotomy pain in patients with lung cancer may be under-reported and undertreated. Causes from the thoracotomy can be trauma and compression to the intercoastal nerves, fractured and compressed ribs, inflammation of the chest muscles, atrophy of chest muscles, or scar tissue rubbing. This article examines the diagnosis and treatment of PTPS to assist oncology nurses in providing better care to this patient population. If left untreated, chronic pain can have a deleterious effect on patients' recovery and overall well-being. Oncology nurses should be aware of the signs and symptoms of PTPS so that more patients are diagnosed and choose to seek treatment.

Affiliation

Department of Nursing, University of Pittsburgh in Pennsylvania.

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Clinical journal of oncology nursing
ISSN: 1538-067X
Pages: 365-70

Links

PubMed Articles [22484 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Post-thoracotomy pain in children and adolescence: a retrospective cross-sectional study.

We sought to determine the prevalence of chronic post-thoracotomy pain, defined as persistent or recurring incisional pain for at least 2 months after thoracotomy, in children.

eComment. Cryoanalgesia in post-thoracotomy pain: Efficiency and pain measurement methods.

The Qualitative Hyperalgesia Profile: A New Metric to Assess Chronic Post-Thoracotomy Pain.

Thoracotomy often results in chronic pain, characterized by resting pain and elevated mechano-sensitivity. This paper defines complex behavioral responses to tactile stimulation in rats after thoracot...

Intercostal muscle flap and intracostal suture to reduce post-thoracotomy pain.

Thoracotomy is considered to be the most painful surgical access, the main culprit being intercostal nerve injury. Despite the use of many techniques, this remains a major problem, pointing towards pr...

Prospective longitudinal cohort questionnaire assessment of labouring women's preference both pre- and post-delivery for either reduced pain intensity for a longer duration or greater pain intensity for a shorter duration.

Assessments of labour pain focus on pain intensity, not on duration. We aimed to assess the importance labouring women apply to pain intensity and duration before labour and post-delivery.

Clinical Trials [7771 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

The Effect of Perioperative Pregabalin on the Incidence of Chronic Post-thoracotomy Pain Syndrome

Pregabalin, administered prior to and following lateral thoracotomy surgery will reduce the likelihood of chronic post-thoracotomy pain syndrome (CPTPS).

Pregabalin and Post-thoracotomy Pain

Chronic post thoracotomy pain syndrome (CPTPS) is a significant problem that has important effects on patients' daily activities. The severity of postoperative pain and the central sensiti...

Acupuncture for Post-Thoracotomy Pain

Pain after surgery for lung cancer (thoracotomy) may persist for years and require long-term analgesic use. Prior studies have shown that acupuncture reduces pain and medication use in the...

Laser Therapy in the Treatment of Post Thoracotomy Pain; A Pilot Study

The purpose of this study is to demonstrate the safety of the AvicennaTM class IV laser for application over the skin of human subjects. In addition, we seek to measure the effectiveness ...

Ketamine Improves Post-Thoracotomy Analgesia

Thoracotomy for lung tumor or for minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass (MIDCAB) surgery, may be associated with debilitating pain. Ketamine was shown to enhance opioid antinoci...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A syndrome characterized by retropatellar or peripatellar PAIN resulting from physical and biochemical changes in the patellofemoral joint. The pain is most prominent when ascending or descending stairs, squatting, or sitting with flexed knees. There is a lack of consensus on the etiology and treatment. The syndrome is often confused with (or accompanied by) CHONDROMALACIA PATELLAE, the latter describing a pathological condition of the CARTILAGE and not a syndrome.

A benzyl-indazole having analgesic, antipyretic, and anti-inflammatory effects. It is used to reduce post-surgical and post-traumatic pain and edema and to promote healing. It is also used topically in treatment of RHEUMATIC DISEASES and INFLAMMATION of the mouth and throat.

The sum total of nursing activities which includes assessment (identifying needs), intervention (ministering to needs), and evaluation (validating the effectiveness of the help given).

The organic and psychogenic disturbances observed after closed head injuries (HEAD INJURIES, CLOSED). Post-concussion syndrome includes subjective physical complaints (i.e. headache, dizziness), cognitive, emotional, and behavioral changes. These disturbances can be chronic, permanent, or late emerging.

Muscular pain in numerous body regions that can be reproduced by pressure on trigger points, localized hardenings in skeletal muscle tissue. Pain is referred to a location distant from the trigger points. A prime example is the TEMPOROMANDIBULAR JOINT DYSFUNCTION SYNDROME.

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