Genetic analyses of the Arabidopsis 26S proteasome regulatory particle reveal its importance during light stress and a specific role for the N-Terminus of RPT2 in development.
Summary of "Genetic analyses of the Arabidopsis 26S proteasome regulatory particle reveal its importance during light stress and a specific role for the N-Terminus of RPT2 in development."
The 26S proteasome subunit RPT2 is a component of the hexameric ring of AAA-ATPases that forms the base of the 19S regulatory particle (RP). This subunit has specific roles in the yeast and mammalian proteasomes by helping promote assembly of the RP with the 20S core protease (CP) and gate the CP to prevent indiscriminate degradation of cytosolic and nuclear proteins. In plants, this subunit plays an important role in diverse processes that include shoot and root apical meristem maintenance, cell size regulation, trichome branching, and stress responses. Recently, we reported that mutants in RPT2 and several other RP subunits have reduced histone levels, suggesting that at least some of the pleiotropic phenotypes observed in these plants result from aberrant nucleosome assembly. Here, we expand our genetic analysis of RPT2 in Arabidopsis to shed additional light on the roles of the N- and C-terminal ends. We also present data showing that plants bearing mutations in RP subunit genes have their seedling phenotypes exacerbated by prolonged light exposure.
Department of Genetics; University of Wisconsin; Madison, WI USA.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Plant signaling & behavior
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Proteins that originate from plants species belonging to the genus ARABIDOPSIS. The most intensely studied species of Arabidopsis, Arabidopsis thaliana, is commonly used in laboratory experiments.
A plant genus of the family BRASSICACEAE that contains ARABIDOPSIS PROTEINS and MADS DOMAIN PROTEINS. The species A. thaliana is used for experiments in classical plant genetics as well as molecular genetic studies in plant physiology, biochemistry, and development.
Agamous Protein, Arabidopsis
A plant homeotic protein involved in the development of stamens and carpels of Arabidopsis thaliana. It is a DNA-binding protein that contains the MADS-box domain. It is one of the four founder proteins that structurally define the superfamily of MADS DOMAIN PROTEINS.
Interferon Regulatory Factor-7
An interferon regulatory factor that is induced by INTERFERONS as well as LMP-1 protein from EPSTEIN-BARR VIRUS. IRF-7 undergoes PHOSPHORYLATION prior to nuclear translocation and it activates GENETIC TRANSCRIPTION of multiple interferon GENES.
Proteasome Endopeptidase Complex
A large multisubunit complex that plays an important role in the degradation of most of the cytosolic and nuclear proteins in eukaryotic cells. It contains a 700-kDa catalytic sub-complex and two 700-kDa regulatory sub-complexes. The complex digests ubiquitinated proteins and protein activated via ornithine decarboxylase antizyme.
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