Obesity and the relationship between pre-hypertension and chronic kidney disease: can we really isolate the effect of pre-hypertension?
Summary of "Obesity and the relationship between pre-hypertension and chronic kidney disease: can we really isolate the effect of pre-hypertension?"
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Department of Medicine, Division of Nephrology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Palo Alto, California, USA.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Kidney international
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22846814
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ki.2012.144
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Renal Insufficiency, Chronic
Conditions in which the KIDNEYS perform below the normal level for more than three months. Chronic kidney insufficiency is classified by five stages according to the decline in GLOMERULAR FILTRATION RATE and the degree of kidney damage (as measured by the level of PROTEINURIA). The most severe form is the end-stage renal disease (CHRONIC KIDNEY FAILURE). (Kidney Foundation: Kidney Disease Outcome Quality Initiative, 2002)
Kidney Failure, Chronic
The end-stage of CHRONIC RENAL INSUFFICIENCY. It is characterized by the severe irreversible kidney damage (as measured by the level of PROTEINURIA) and the reduction in GLOMERULAR FILTRATION RATE to less than 15 ml per min (Kidney Foundation: Kidney Disease Outcome Quality Initiative, 2002). These patients generally require HEMODIALYSIS or KIDNEY TRANSPLANTATION.
Functional KIDNEY FAILURE in patients with liver disease, usually LIVER CIRRHOSIS or portal hypertension (HYPERTENSION, PORTAL), and in the absence of intrinsic renal disease or kidney abnormality. It is characterized by intense renal vasculature constriction, reduced renal blood flow, OLIGURIA, and sodium retention.
A condition of having excess fat in the abdomen. Abdominal obesity is typically defined as waist circumferences of 40 inches or more in men and 35 inches or more in women. Abdominal obesity raises the risk of developing disorders, such as diabetes, hypertension and METABOLIC SYNDROME X.
A syndrome characterized by the clinical triad of advanced chronic liver disease, pulmonary vascular dilatations, and reduced arterial oxygenation (HYPOXEMIA) in the absence of intrinsic cardiopulmonary disease. This syndrome is common in the patients with LIVER CIRRHOSIS or portal hypertension (HYPERTENSION, PORTAL).
Obesity is associated with the early onset of glomerulomegaly, hemodynamic changes of a hyperfiltering kidney, and increased albuminuria, which are potentially reversible with weight loss. However, pa...
Hypertension complicates most cases of chronic kidney disease. While the prevalence and severity of hypertension increase as glomerular filtration rate falls, hypertension is often observed in patient...
BACKGROUND: Few studies have examined the association between obesity and markers of kidney injury in a chronic kidney disease population. We hypothesized that obesity is independently associated with...
Hypertension remains an important cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with chronic kidney disease. It both contributes to and is a consequence of chronic renal dysfunction. There is a high pr...
BACKGROUND: Television viewing time independent of physical activity is associated with a number of chronic diseases and related risk factors; however, its relationship with chronic kidney disease is...
Prevention of progressive renal disease needs a clear understanding of prevalence of early stage of chronic kidney disease in a community. Even in developed countries most subjects in earl...
Papilledema is defined as swelling of the optic nerves often due to increased intracranial pressure. When present, it often indicates life-threatening lesions of the brain such as tumors,...
Weight loss surgery is the most effective weight loss treatment available, but the direct effect on chronic kidney disease is less widely understood. Early research shows some improvement...
Urinary kallikrein excretion is known to increase in patients with nephrotic syndrome and sick cell disease, but decrease in patients with chronic kidney disease or uremia. Some of authors...
The purpose of this study is to learn more about how the kidneys control the blood levels of phosphorus in patients with early chronic kidney disease. The ultimate goal is to use this inf...