Recent Progress in Magnesium Research. Drugs affecting serum magnesium concentration.
Summary of "Recent Progress in Magnesium Research. Drugs affecting serum magnesium concentration."
Several oral or intravenous drug administrations can cause abnormalities in serum magnesium concentration. Most of drug-induced hypomagnesemia derives from a loss of the mineral in the urine by facilitating renal secretion. Hypermagnesemia can occur by a direct intake of drugs including magnesium, especially in patients with renal insufficiency. Frequent check of serum magnesium concentration will be needed to monitor these abnormalities.
Health Administration Center, Asahikawa Medical University, Japan.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Clinical calcium
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
A nutritional condition produced by a deficiency of magnesium in the diet, characterized by anorexia, nausea, vomiting, lethargy, and weakness. Symptoms are paresthesias, muscle cramps, irritability, decreased attention span, and mental confusion, possibly requiring months to appear. Deficiency of body magnesium can exist even when serum values are normal. In addition, magnesium deficiency may be organ-selective, since certain tissues become deficient before others. (Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 12th ed, p1936)
Magnesium chloride. An inorganic compound consisting of one magnesium and two chloride ions. The compound is used in medicine as a source of magnesium ions, which are essential for many cellular activities. It has also been used as a cathartic and in alloys.
Magnesium oxide (MgO). An inorganic compound that occurs in nature as the mineral periclase. In aqueous media combines quickly with water to form magnesium hydroxide. It is used as an antacid and mild laxative and has many nonmedicinal uses.
Inorganic compounds that contain magnesium as an integral part of the molecule.
A generic term for a variety of compounds that contain silicon, oxygen, and magnesium, and may contain hydrogen. Examples include TALC and some kinds of ASBESTOS.
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