The effectiveness of therapeutic interventions on quality of life for vitiligo patients: A systematic review.
Summary of "The effectiveness of therapeutic interventions on quality of life for vitiligo patients: A systematic review."
This paper reviews the effectiveness of therapeutic interventions on quality of life for adult patients with vitiligo. We systematically searched nine databases from 1990 to February 2010 and reviewed randomized controlled trials and quasi-experimental studies of current therapeutic interventions for vitiligo, including oral, topical, combination, camouflage, cognitive-behavioural therapy and grafting. Quality of life outcomes were collected. The Joanna Briggs Institute Meta Analysis of Statistics Assessment and Review Instrument was used for quality assessment. Nine studies were included for this review, and all treatments were found to improve quality of life for vitiligo patients. Disease-altering interventions were effective in improving quality of life. Lifestyle-altering interventions were found to be selectively effective for patients with more severe quality of life impairment. Current interventions for vitiligo are effective in improving quality of life either by enhancing physical appearance of the patient or by addressing the psychological distress directly. Less effectiveness was achieved for the functional and social dimensions, which are more dependent on social and cultural norms. This suggests that current interventions alone are inadequate to address the holistic quality of life challenges associated with vitiligo.
Alice Lee Centre for Nursing Studies, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: International journal of nursing practice
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22845640
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1440-172X.2012.02047.x
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Comparative Effectiveness Research
Conduct and synthesis of systematic research comparing interventions and strategies to prevent, diagnose, treat, and monitor health conditions. The purpose of this research is to inform patients, providers, and decision-makers, responding to their expressed needs, about which interventions are most effective for which patients under specific circumstances. (hhs.gov/recovery/programs/cer/draftdefinition.html accessed 6/12/2009)
Quality-adjusted Life Years
A measurement index derived from a modification of standard life-table procedures and designed to take account of the quality as well as the duration of survival. This index can be used in assessing the outcome of health care procedures or services. (BIOETHICS Thesaurus, 1994)
National Institute Of Nursing Research (u.s.)
Component of the NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH. It conducts and supports clinical and basic research to establish a scientific basis for the care of individuals across the life span, from the management of patients during illness and recovery to the reduction of risks for disease and disability; the promotion of healthy lifestyles; the promotion of quality of life in those with chronic illness; and the care for individuals at the end of life. It was established in 1986.
Quality Assurance, Health Care
Activities and programs intended to assure or improve the quality of care in either a defined medical setting or a program. The concept includes the assessment or evaluation of the quality of care; identification of problems or shortcomings in the delivery of care; designing activities to overcome these deficiencies; and follow-up monitoring to ensure effectiveness of corrective steps.
Total Quality Management
The application of industrial management practice to systematically maintain and improve organization-wide performance. Effectiveness and success are determined and assessed by quantitative quality measures.
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