Medication errors: Perspectives of newly graduated and experienced nurses.
Summary of "Medication errors: Perspectives of newly graduated and experienced nurses."
This study investigated the perspectives of newly graduated and experienced nurses concerning medication errors. This is a descriptive cross-sectional study conducted in a military education and research hospital in Turkey, which was performed between July and August 2009. Totally, 169 nurses were involved in this study: 87 were new graduates and 82 were experienced nurses. The Modified Gladstone's Scale of Medication Errors was used to collect data on rates, causes and reporting of medication errors. The two highest perceived causes of medication errors were nurse exhaustion and nurse distraction. Most medication errors were preventable errors. The reasons for error occurrence and failure to inform co-workers of medical errors were examined. Implications: Training nurses to understand the causes of medication errors and related prevention methods should be provided to newly graduated nurses, and continuous training should be provided.
Gulhane Military Medical Academy, School of Nursing, Ankara, Turkey.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: International journal of nursing practice
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22845630
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1440-172X.2012.02052.x
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Errors or mistakes committed by health professionals which result in harm to the patient. They include errors in diagnosis (DIAGNOSTIC ERRORS), errors in the administration of drugs and other medications (MEDICATION ERRORS), errors in the performance of surgical procedures, in the use of other types of therapy, in the use of equipment, and in the interpretation of laboratory findings. Medical errors are differentiated from MALPRACTICE in that the former are regarded as honest mistakes or accidents while the latter is the result of negligence, reprehensible ignorance, or criminal intent.
Errors in prescribing, dispensing, or administering medication with the result that the patient fails to receive the correct drug or the indicated proper drug dosage.
The formal process of obtaining a complete and accurate list of each patient's current home medications including name, dosage, frequency, and route of administration, and comparing admission, transfer, and/or discharge medication orders to that list. The reconciliation is done to avoid medication errors.
Drug Dosage Calculations
Math calculations done for preparing appropriate doses of medicines, taking into account conversions of WEIGHTS AND MEASURES. Mistakes are one of the sources of MEDICATION ERRORS.
Medication Systems, Hospital
Overall systems, traditional or automated, to provide medication to patients in hospitals. Elements of the system are: handling the physician's order, transcription of the order by nurse and/or pharmacist, filling the medication order, transfer to the nursing unit, and administration to the patient.
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