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Transcranial brain stimulation after stroke.

06:00 EDT 3rd August 2012 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Transcranial brain stimulation after stroke."

Stroke is the leading cause of disability in adults. In Germany an estimated 1.5 million stroke survivors have to cope with persisting sensorimotor or cognitive deficits and effective therapies are scarce. The idea of using non-invasive brain stimulation to treat neuropsychiatric diseases was already born more than 2,000 years ago (Scribonius largus, 43-48 AD). However, only the development of modern non-invasive brain stimulation methods, such as transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) and transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) has made it possible to evaluate these ideas. The therapeutic value of these non-invasive brain stimulation methods is currently under study for several neuropsychiatric diseases, mostly in a proof-of-principle fashion. In this article the focus will be on non-invasive brain stimulation to enhance functional regeneration after stroke.

Affiliation

BrainImaging and NeuroStimulation (BINS) Labor, Klinik und Poliklinik für Neurologie, Universitätsklinikum Eppendorf, Martinistr. 52, 20246, Hamburg, Deutschland, f.hummel@uke.uni-hamburg.de.

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Der Nervenarzt
ISSN: 1433-0407
Pages:

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

The electrical response evoked in a muscle or motor nerve by electrical or magnetic stimulation. Common methods of stimulation are by transcranial electrical and TRANSCRANIAL MAGNETIC STIMULATION. It is often used for monitoring during neurosurgery.

Stimulation of the brain, which is self-administered. The stimulation may result in negative or positive reinforcement.

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Therapy for MOVEMENT DISORDERS, especially PARKINSON DISEASE, that applies electricity via stereotactic implantation of ELECTRODES in specific areas of the BRAIN such as the THALAMUS. The electrodes are attached to a neurostimulator placed subcutaneously.

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