Sport for pacemaker patients.
Summary of "Sport for pacemaker patients."
Sport activity is an important issue in many patients with a pacemaker either because they performed sport activities before pacemaker implantation to reduce the cardiovascular risk or to improve the course of an underlying cardiovascular disease (e.g. coronary artery disease, heart failure) by sports. Compared to patients with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) the risks from underlying cardiovascular disease (e.g. ischemia, heart failure), arrhythmia, lead dysfunction or inappropriate therapy are less important or absent. Sport is contraindicated in dyspnea at rest, acute heart failure, new complex arrhythmia, acute myocarditis and acute myocardial infarction, valvular disease with indications for intervention and surgery and comorbidities which prevent physical activity.Patients with underlying cardiovascular disease (including hypertension) should preferably perform types and levels of physical activity that are aerobic (with dynamic exercise) such as running, swimming, cycling instead of sport with high anaerobic demands and high muscular workload. In heart failure, studies demonstrated advantages of isometric sport that increases the amount of muscle, thereby preventing cardiac cachexia. Sport with a risk of blows to the chest or physical contact (e.g. boxing, rugby, martial arts) should be avoided. Implantation, programming and follow-up should respect specific precautions to allow optimal physical activity with a pacemaker including implantation of bipolar leads on the side contralateral to the dominant hand, individual programming of the upper sensor and tracking rate and regular exercise testing.
Klinik für Innere Medizin - Kardiologie, Diabetologie & Nephrologie, Evangelisches Krankenhaus Bielefeld, Burgsteig 13, 33617, Bielefeld, Deutschland, Carsten.Israel@evkb.de.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Herzschrittmachertherapie & Elektrophysiologie
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22854824
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00399-012-0183-0
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Cardiac Pacing, Artificial
Regulation of the rate of contraction of the heart muscles by an artificial pacemaker.
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