Right ventricular outflow tract reconstruction in adolescents and adults after previous repair of congenital heart defects.
Summary of "Right ventricular outflow tract reconstruction in adolescents and adults after previous repair of congenital heart defects."
Due to successful surgical treatment of congenital heart defects in infants and children, the number of patients who reach the adolescent/adult age is continuously increasing. Aims: The authors sought to identify the short- and medium-term outcomes of reconstruction of right ventricular outflow tract in adolescents and adults who underwent surgical intervention for congenital heart defect in infancy or early childhood. Methods: Between 2001 and 2012, 48 patients (age: 15-39, mean 21 years) (30 tetralogy of Fallot, 11 pulmonary atresia + ventricular septal defect, 6 transposition of great arteries + ventricular septal defect + left ventricular outflow tract obstruction, and 1 truncus arteriosus) had repeat operation because of right ventricular dysfunction. All patients previously underwent right ventricular outflow tract procedures in early childhood. Results: In 31 patients, the small homograft, and in 9 patients the transannular-paths were replaced for "adult-size" homograft. Bioprosthetic pulmonary valve replacement was performed in pulmonary (6 patients) and homograft annuli (2 patients). In 14 patients, resection of the right ventricular outflow tract aneurism was also necessary to be performed. There was no early and mid-time (10 years) mortality. In 97.5% of patients with homograft-re-implantation, there was no need for repeat intervention for 5 years. Conclusions: The right ventricular outflow tract restoration in adolescents and adults is an effective procedure. The reconstruction should be performed in early adolescent period to prevent right ventricular dysfunction. The authors prefer using bioprosthetic pulmonary valve replacement in patients with adult-size pulmonary or homograft annulus. Orv. Hetil., 2012, 153, 1219-1224.
Gottsegen György Országos Kardiológiai Intézet Budapest Haller u. 29. 1096.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Orvosi hetilap
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22846490
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1556/OH.2012.29428
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Ventricular Outflow Obstruction
Occlusion of the outflow tract in either the LEFT VENTRICLE or the RIGHT VENTRICLE of the heart. This may result from CONGENITAL HEART DEFECTS, predisposing heart diseases, complications of surgery, or HEART NEOPLASMS.
Desmoplastic Small Round Cell Tumor
A rare, aggressive soft tissue sarcoma that primarily affects adolescents and young adults. It is most commonly found in the abdomen.
A potentially lethal cardiac arrhythmia characterized by an extremely rapid, hemodynamically unstable ventricular tachycardia (150-300 beats/min) with a large oscillating sine-wave appearance. If untreated, ventricular flutter typically progresses to VENTRICULAR FIBRILLATION.
A surgical procedure in which an undescended testicle is sutured inside the SCROTUM in male infants or children to correct CRYPTORCHIDISM. Orchiopexy is also performed to treat TESTICULAR TORSION in adults and adolescents.
A malignant solid tumor arising from mesenchymal tissues which normally differentiate to form striated muscle. It can occur in a wide variety of sites. It is divided into four distinct types: pleomorphic, predominantly in male adults; alveolar (RHABDOMYOSARCOMA, ALVEOLAR), mainly in adolescents and young adults; embryonal (RHABDOMYOSARCOMA, EMBRYONAL), predominantly in infants and children; and botryoidal, also in young children. It is one of the most frequently occurring soft tissue sarcomas and the most common in children under 15. (From Dorland, 27th ed; Holland et al., Cancer Medicine, 3d ed, p2186; DeVita Jr et al., Cancer: Principles & Practice of Oncology, 3d ed, pp1647-9)
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