Prevalence of HPV Infection and Genotype Distribution in Women From Africa Seeking Asylum in Puglia, Italy.
Summary of "Prevalence of HPV Infection and Genotype Distribution in Women From Africa Seeking Asylum in Puglia, Italy."
HPV type-specific distribution was evaluated in genital samples collected from 151 women from West Africa and Horn of Africa, living in the Asylum Seeker Center in Bari Palese (Italy), undergoing voluntary screening correlated with cytological abnormalities. HPV-DNA was assayed by Linear Array HPV genotyping test. HPV DNA was detected in 39.1 % of the women, 42.5 % of which had multiple infection and 69.5 % had high-risk HPV infection. Age-prevalence rates evidenced a peak of HPV infection in women ≤20 years of age (53.1 %). HPV 53 and 16 were the most common viral types (13.5 and 12.0 % respectively). Abnormal Pap test results were found in 4.4 % of women with known cytological result. Although a prevalence of HPV positive women higher in African than in European women was expected, the differing rate between residents and migrants African women must be investigated in future studies.
Department of Biomedical Sciences and Human Oncology, Aldo Moro University of Bari, Bari, Italy.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of immigrant and minority health / Center for Minority Public Health
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22869450
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10903-012-9698-z
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
The probability distribution associated with two mutually exclusive outcomes; used to model cumulative incidence rates and prevalence rates. The Bernoulli distribution is a special case of binomial distribution.
The number of males and females in a given population. The distribution may refer to how many men or women or what proportion of either in the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.
The constant presence of diseases or infectious agents within a given geographic area or population group. It may also refer to the usual prevalence of a given disease with such area or group. It includes holoendemic and hyperendemic diseases. A holoendemic disease is one for which a high prevalent level of infection begins early in life and affects most of the child population, leading to a state of equilibrium such that the adult population shows evidence of the disease much less commonly than do children (malaria in many communities is a holoendemic disease). A hyperendemic disease is one that is constantly present at a high incidence and/or prevalence rate and affects all groups equally. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 3d ed, p53, 78, 80)
A republic in southern Africa, the southernmost part of Africa. It has three capitals: Pretoria (administrative), Cape Town (legislative), and Bloemfontein (judicial). Officially the Republic of South Africa since 1960, it was called the Union of South Africa 1910-1960.
The geographical area of Africa comprising ALGERIA; EGYPT; LIBYA; MOROCCO; and TUNISIA. It includes also the vast deserts and oases of the Sahara. It is often referred to as North Africa, French-speaking Africa, or the Maghreb. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p856)
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