Statin drug interactions and related adverse reactions.
Summary of "Statin drug interactions and related adverse reactions."
Introduction: Statin monotherapy is generally well tolerated, with a low frequency of adverse events. The most important adverse effects associated with statins are myopathy and an asymptomatic increase in hepatic transaminases, both of which occur infrequently. Because statins are prescribed on a long-term basis, their possible interactions with other drugs deserve particular attention, as many patients will typically receive pharmacological therapy for concomitant conditions during the course of statin treatment. Areas covered: This review summarizes the pharmacokinetic properties of statins and emphasizes their clinically relevant drug interactions and related adverse reactions. Expert opinion: Avoiding drug-drug interactions and consequent adverse drug reactions is essential in order to optimize compliance, and thus improve the treatment of patients at high cardiovascular risk. The different pharmacokinetic profiles among statins should be carefully considered, in order to understand the possible spectrum of drug interactions. The growing trend toward earlier statin treatment for the prevention of cardiovascular disease means that physicians must anticipate future polypharmacy when their patients require additional medications for comorbid conditions.
Dipartimento di Scienze Farmacologiche e Biomolecolari, Università degli Studi di Milano , Via Balzaretti 9, 20133 Milan , Italy +39 025031 8392 ; +39 02 50318284 ; firstname.lastname@example.org.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Expert opinion on drug safety
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22866966
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1517/14740338.2012.712959
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Adverse Drug Reaction Reporting Systems
Systems developed for collecting reports from government agencies, manufacturers, hospitals, physicians, and other sources on adverse drug reactions.
Adverse cutaneous reactions caused by ingestion, parenteral use, or local application of a drug. These may assume various morphologic patterns and produce various types of lesions.
Immunologically mediated adverse reactions to medicinal substances used legally or illegally.
Drug-induced Liver Injury, Chronic
Liver disease lasting six months or more, caused by an adverse drug effect. The adverse effect may result from a direct toxic effect of a drug or metabolite, or an idiosyncratic response to a drug or metabolite.
The science concerned with the benefit and risk of drugs used in populations and the analysis of the outcomes of drug therapies. Pharmacoepidemiologic data come from both clinical trials and epidemiological studies with emphasis on methods for the detection and evaluation of drug-related adverse effects, assessment of risk vs benefit ratios in drug therapy, patterns of drug utilization, the cost-effectiveness of specific drugs, methodology of postmarketing surveillance, and the relation between pharmacoepidemiology and the formulation and interpretation of regulatory guidelines. (Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf 1992;1(1); J Pharmacoepidemiol 1990;1(1))
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