Shoulder and neck muscle activities during typing with articulating forearm support at different heights.
Summary of "Shoulder and neck muscle activities during typing with articulating forearm support at different heights."
Use of forearm support is known to reduce physical stress of computer users, but research about how to properly position the forearm support is insufficient. This study was aimed to determine whether the height of forearm support influences muscular loads during typing. Twenty four subjects performed a typing task with a pair of articulating forearm support at three different heights as well as without any support, while shoulder, neck and forearm muscle activities and posture data were recorded. Typing with the support at resting elbow height produced significantly (p < 0.05) lower shoulder and neck muscle activities than that of no support condition. Typing with the support at heights higher than the resting elbow height produced significantly greater shoulder and neck muscle activities compared to the no support condition. Results suggest that forearm support can help computer users lessen physical stress in typing, but only when the supports are positioned at resting elbow height. Practitioner Summary: Use of forearm support is known to alleviate physical stress of PC users in computer works such as typing. This experimental study addressed the importance of proper positioning of forearm support by comparing neck and upper extremity muscle activities between conditions with varying heights of forearm support in keyboard typing.
a Department of Industrial and Systems Engineering , The State University of New York at Buffalo , 428 Bell Hall , Buffalo , NY , 14260-2050 , USA.
This article was published in the following journal.
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22897502
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00140139.2012.709541
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