Association between ambient particulate matter and daily cause-specific mortality in Tanggu, Tianjin Binhai New Area, China.
Summary of "Association between ambient particulate matter and daily cause-specific mortality in Tanggu, Tianjin Binhai New Area, China."
The aim of the study was to determine whether the area of Tanggu, Tianjin Binhai New Economic Developing Area, China, is subject to similar effects of ambient particulate matter less than 10 micrometres in aerodynamic diameter (PM10) similar to other areas of China. This study was designed to investigate cause-specific mortality risks associated with air pollution in this geographical region. The present study used a time-series analysis to explore the relationship between PM10 and the cause-specific mortalities for non-accidental, cardiovascular, and cardiopulmonary mortality from 1 January 2006 to 31 December 2010. A 10 μg/m(3) increment of PM10 was associated with a 1.02% (95% confidence interval (CI): 0.48, 1.56) increase in cardiovascular mortality, and a 0.88% (95%
0.36, 1.39) increase in cardiopulmonary mortality. In addition, the effects from PM10 appear to be consistent with multi-pollutant models. The results show that there are strong associations between daily cardiovascular and cardiopulmonary mortality and ambient PM10 exposure.
a Tianjin Binhai New Area Tanggu Center for Disease Control and Prevention , Tianjin , 300450 , China.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: International journal of environmental health research
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22897106
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09603123.2012.713096
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Any substance in the air which could, if present in high enough concentration, harm humans, animals, vegetation or material. Substances include GASES; PARTICULATE MATTER; and volatile ORGANIC CHEMICALS.
A process of separating particulate matter from a fluid, such as air or a liquid, by passing the fluid carrier through a medium that will not pass the particulates. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Particles of any solid substance, generally under 30 microns in size, often noted as PM30. There is special concern with PM1 which can get down to PULMONARY ALVEOLI and induce MACROPHAGE ACTIVATION and PHAGOCYTOSIS leading to FOREIGN BODY REACTION and LUNG DISEASES.
The presence of contaminants or pollutant substances in the air (AIR POLLUTANTS) that interfere with human health or welfare, or produce other harmful environmental effects. The substances may include GASES; PARTICULATE MATTER; or volatile ORGANIC CHEMICALS.
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