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For many years, the diagnosis of diabetes has been made through the laboratory-based measurement of fasting or random blood glucose levels, or using the oral glucose tolerance test. A glycated haemoglobin (HbA(1c)) level ≥ 6.5% (48 mmol/mol) is now also acceptable for diagnosing diabetes. Caution is needed in interpreting HbA(1c) test results in the presence of conditions affecting red blood cells or their survival time, such as haemoglobinopathies or anaemia.
Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital, Brisbane, QLD. Michael_d'Emden@health.qld.gov.au.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: The Medical journal of Australia
Hyperglycemia is commonly seen in hospitalized patients. Glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) correlates with the average blood glucose level over the previous 8 to 12 weeks. Thus, an HbA1c test offers a longi...
Objective: Recent guidelines recommend an individualized approach towards patients with diabetes mellitus. Data of a programme dealing with quality of diabetes care, "Diabetes TÜV" of the Deutsche BK...
Glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) is recommended as an additional tool to glucose-based measures (fasting plasma glucose [FPG] and 2-hour plasma glucose [2PG] during oral glucose tolerance test [OGTT]) for...
The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of a structured group education program administered by a primary care nurse in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. The sample included 137 patients...
To assess how hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) values might change following the diagnosis of the first complication from diabetes mellitus (DM).
The main aim of the present study is to evaluate the prevalence of individual microvascular and macrovascular complications among diabetes mellitus patients and to determine the percentage...
The overall global prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) is rising. Based on the latest Thai National Health Examination Survey, an estimated 3.2 million people had DM, of whom one-t...
The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of blocking IL-1 signaling with AMG 108 in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients on glycemic control, as measured by change in HbA1c fro...
Aim: The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of nonsurgical periodontal therapy plus doxycycline on glycemic control in type 2 diabetes mellitus (type 2 DM) patients who ...
Primary Objective: To identify a best fasting plasma glucose (FPG) target for Chinese type 2 diabetes patients using insulin glargine which can provide the highest control rate of glycate...
A subclass of DIABETES MELLITUS that is not INSULIN-responsive or dependent (NIDDM). It is characterized initially by INSULIN RESISTANCE and HYPERINSULINEMIA; and eventually by GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE; HYPERGLYCEMIA; and overt diabetes. Type II diabetes mellitus is no longer considered a disease exclusively found in adults. Patients seldom develop KETOSIS but often exhibit OBESITY.
Diabetes mellitus induced experimentally by administration of various diabetogenic agents or by PANCREATECTOMY.
Urination of a large volume of urine with an increase in urinary frequency, commonly seen in diabetes (DIABETES MELLITUS; DIABETES INSIPIDUS).
A subtype of DIABETES MELLITUS that is characterized by INSULIN deficiency. It is manifested by the sudden onset of severe HYPERGLYCEMIA, rapid progression to DIABETIC KETOACIDOSIS, and DEATH unless treated with insulin. The disease may occur at any age, but is most common in childhood or adolescence.
A 51-amino acid pancreatic hormone that plays a major role in the regulation of glucose metabolism, directly by suppressing endogenous glucose production (GLYCOGENOLYSIS; GLUCONEOGENESIS) and indirectly by suppressing GLUCAGON secretion and LIPOLYSIS. Native insulin is a globular protein comprised of a zinc-coordinated hexamer. Each insulin monomer containing two chains, A (21 residues) and B (30 residues), linked by two disulfide bonds. Insulin is used as a drug to control insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (DIABETES MELLITUS, TYPE 1).
Nephrology - kidney function
Nephrology is a specialty of medicine and pediatrics that concerns itself with the study of normal kidney function, kidney problems, the treatment of kidney problems and renal replacement therapy (dialysis and kidney transplantation). Systemic conditions...