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Nonplatinum metals are needed to perform cost-effective water reduction electrocatalysis to enable technological implementation of a proposed hydrogen economy. We describe electrocatalytic proton reduction and H(2) production by two organometallic nickel complexes with tridentate pincer ligands. The kinetics of H(2) production from voltammetry is consistent with an overall third order rate law: the reaction is second order in acid and first order in catalyst. Hydrogen production with 90-95% Faradaic yields was confirmed by gas analysis, and UV-vis spectroscopy suggests that the ligand remains bound to the catalyst over the course of the reaction. A computational study provides mechanistic insights into the proposed catalytic cycle. Furthermore, two proposed intermediates in the proton reduction cycle were isolated in a representative system and show a catalytic response akin to the parent compound.
Department of Chemistry, Yale University , 225 Prospect Street, New Haven, Connecticut 06520-8107, United States.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Inorganic chemistry
One of the main barriers blocking sustainable hydrogen production is the use of expensive platinum-based catalysts to produce hydrogen from water. Herein we report the cost-effective synthesis of cata...
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Systems of enzymes which function sequentially by catalyzing consecutive reactions linked by common metabolic intermediates. They may involve simply a transfer of water molecules or hydrogen atoms and may be associated with large supramolecular structures such as MITOCHONDRIA or RIBOSOMES.
A large multisubunit protein complex found in the THYLAKOID MEMBRANE. It uses light energy derived from LIGHT-HARVESTING PROTEIN COMPLEXES to catalyze the splitting of WATER into DIOXYGEN and of reducing equivalents of HYDROGEN.
Organometallic compounds which contain tin and three alkyl groups.
Hydrogen. The first chemical element in the periodic table. It has the atomic symbol H, atomic number 1, and atomic weight 1. It exists, under normal conditions, as a colorless, odorless, tasteless, diatomic gas. Hydrogen ions are PROTONS. Besides the common H1 isotope, hydrogen exists as the stable isotope DEUTERIUM and the unstable, radioactive isotope TRITIUM.
A species of EDWARDSIELLA distinguished by its hydrogen sulfide production. (From Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 9th ed)