Characteristics of Female Sex Workers in Southern India Willing and Unwilling to Participate in a Placebo Gel Trial.
Summary of "Characteristics of Female Sex Workers in Southern India Willing and Unwilling to Participate in a Placebo Gel Trial."
Respondent-driven sampling was used to recruit female sex workers (FSWs) for a community survey conducted in southern India. After survey completion, participants were given a brochure describing a clinical trial that entailed daily use of a placebo vaginal gel for four months. This study assessed predictors of screening among survey respondents, predictors of enrollment among those eligible for the trial, and predictors of visit attendance and retention among those enrolled. FSWs who reported having symptoms of sexually transmitted infections (STI), engaging in sex work in the past month, and living in a subdistrict easily accessible by public transportation with a high concentration of FSWs, were more likely to screen. FSWs who had never been tested for HIV were more likely to enroll. This analysis suggests that the primary reason FSWs participated in the trial was a desire for health care-not other factors hypothesized to be important, e.g., HIV risk perception and poverty status.
Population Council, One Dag Hammarskjold Plaza, New York, NY, 10017, USA, firstname.lastname@example.org.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: AIDS and behavior
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22907287
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10461-012-0259-1
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
A species of macaque monkey that mainly inhabits the forest of southern India. They are also called bonnet macaques or bonnet monkeys.
An order of the class MAMMALS that consists of one family, TUPAIIDAE (tree shrews), 5 genera (one of which is TUPAIA), and 16 species. Their recent distribution is from India to the Philippines, southern China to Java, Borneo, Sumatra, Bali, and other islands in those regions.
Compounds that interact with ESTROGEN RECEPTORS in target tissues to bring about the effects similar to those of ESTRADIOL. Estrogens stimulate the female reproductive organs, and the development of secondary female SEX CHARACTERISTICS. Estrogenic chemicals include natural, synthetic, steroidal, or non-steroidal compounds.
Those characteristics that distinguish one SEX from the other. The primary sex characteristics are the OVARIES and TESTES and their related hormones. Secondary sex characteristics are those which are masculine or feminine but not directly related to reproduction.
The totality of characteristics of reproductive structure, functions, PHENOTYPE, and GENOTYPE, differentiating the MALE from the FEMALE organism.
In South India, where the majority of the country's cases of HIV are concentrated, transmission of infection occurs mainly within networks composed of female sex workers, their clients and the other s...
Agriculture is one of the most hazardous industries with high rates of accidental death, injury and occurrences of work related illnesses. The main objective of the study is to assess types, categorie...
To describe exposure level of organochlorine pesticides (OCP) among workers occupationally engaged in agriculture and sheep wool associated jobs, the present study was carried out in rural neighborhoo...
Occupation can influence the prevalence of metabolic syndrome. Age and gender could interact with the association between occupation and metabolic syndrome. This study aimed to investigate the prevale...
Cross-sectional study that aimed to estimate the prevalence of forms of commuting to and from work and to identify factors associated among industrial workers in the State of Rio Grande do Sul, southe...
The investigators propose a highly efficient four-arm (factorial) trial to simultaneously test the efficacy of two behavioral interventions aimed at: - increasing condom use in the con...
A feasibility study to compare the test characteristics of three different oral cancer screening techniques performed by trained primary health care workers:1)Unaided Visual Inspection, 2...
This study will evaluate the effectiveness of the Share Safer Sex Program in reducing sexual risk behaviors among female sex workers in four Mexican cities close to the U.S. border.
This study will examine characteristics and behaviors of young women in India and Tanzania to determine which challenges and opportunities exist for conducting future trials of HIV prevent...
The main objective of the study is the exploration of the natural course of COPD and its biological background. To this end, active workers without COPD and workers in functional classes G...