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We have developed nanoparticle-modified monoliths in pipette tips for selective and efficient enrichment of phosphopeptides. The 5 μL monolithic beds were prepared by UV-initiated polymerization in 200 μL polypropylene pipette tips and either iron oxide or hydroxyapatite nanoparticles were used for monolith modification. Iron oxide nanoparticles were prepared by a co-precipitation method and stabilized by citrate ions. A stable coating of iron oxide nanoparticles on the pore surface of the monolith was obtained via multivalent electrostatic interactions of citrate ions on the surface of nanoparticles with a quaternary amine functionalized poly(2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate-co-ethylene dimethacrylate) monolith. Hydroxyapatite nanoparticles were incorporated into the poly(2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate-co-ethylene dimethacrylate) monolith by simply admixing them in the polymerization mixture followed by in situ polymerization. The nanoparticle-modified monoliths were compared with commercially available titanium dioxide pipette tips. Performance of the developed and commercially available sorbents was demonstrated with the efficient and selective enrichment of phosphopeptides from peptide mixtures of α-casein and β-casein digests followed by off-line MALDI/MS analysis.
Institute of Analytical Chemistry of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, v. v. i, 602 00, Brno, Czech Republic, firstname.lastname@example.org.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Analytical and bioanalytical chemistry
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Food derived from genetically modified organisms (ORGANISMS, GENETICALLY MODIFIED).
New immature growth of a plant including stem, leaves, tips of branches, and SEEDLINGS.
A modified nucleoside which is present in the first position of the anticodon of tRNA-tyrosine, tRNA-histidine, tRNA-asparagine and tRNA-aspartic acid of many organisms. It is believed to play a role in the regulatory function of tRNA. Nucleoside Q can be further modified to nucleoside Q*, which has a mannose or galactose moiety linked to position 4 of its cyclopentenediol moiety.
A non-medical term defined by the lay public as a food that has little or no preservatives, which has not undergone major processing, enrichment or refinement and which may be grown without pesticides. Health foods have been attributed with the ability to prevent the development of diseases, slow the aging process, and prolong life. (from Segen, The Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)
The enrichment of a terrestrial or aquatic ECOSYSTEM by the addition of nutrients, especially nitrogen and phosphorus, that results in a superabundant growth of plants, ALGAE, or other primary producers. It can be a natural process or result from human activity such as agriculture runoff or sewage pollution. In aquatic ecosystems, an increase in the algae population is termed an algal bloom.