DNA methylation analysis of ALOX12 and GSTM1 in acute myeloid leukaemia identifies prognostically significant groups.
Summary of "DNA methylation analysis of ALOX12 and GSTM1 in acute myeloid leukaemia identifies prognostically significant groups."
To determine the role of DNA methylation in the progression of acute myeloid leukaemia (AML), we analysed the methylation status of ALOX12, GSTM1, HS3ST2 and FZD9 in 127 AML patients. Aberrant methylation of ALOX12 was associated with the subcategory AML with myelodysplasia-related changes (P = 0·0439) and specifically with megakaryocytic dysplasia (P = 0·0003). An association between HS3ST2 and AML patients with favourable cytogenetic risk was identified (P = 0·0469). In univariate and multivariate analysis, methylation of GSTM1 was associated with worse overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS), with hazard ratios of 2·57 and 1·86, respectively. Furthermore, the significance of methylation of GSTM1 in predicting poor prognosis was maintained within the subcategories of AML not otherwise specified (NOS), AML with intermediate cytogenetic risk and normal karyotype AML. Finally, patients with both GSTM1 and ALOX12 methylated, demonstrated worse outcomes when all AML patients were assessed (OS; P = 0·000411) as well as within AML NOS (DFS; P = 0·0023), AML with intermediate cytogenetic risk (OS; P = 0·0104) and normal karyotype AML (OS; P = 0·00636). This study implicates methylation of specific genes in the classification and prognostication of AML and suggests that the morphological feature of multilineage dysplasia may be a surrogate marker of gene methylation in at least a subset of AML cases.
Department of Pathology, Stanford University Medical Center, Stanford, CA, USA.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: British journal of haematology
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Acute
A pediatric acute myeloid leukemia involving both myeloid and monocytoid precursors. At least 20% of non-erythroid cells are of monocytic origin.
Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute
Clonal expansion of myeloid blasts in bone marrow, blood, and other tissue. Myeloid leukemias develop from changes in cells that normally produce NEUTROPHILS; BASOPHILS; EOSINOPHILS; and MONOCYTES.
An extramedullary tumor of immature MYELOID CELLS or MYELOBLASTS. Granulocytic sarcoma usually occurs with or follows the onset of ACUTE MYELOID LEUKEMIA.
Leukemia, Eosinophilic, Acute
A rare acute myeloid leukemia characterized by abnormal EOSINOPHILS in the bone marrow.
Leukemia, Promyelocytic, Acute
An acute myeloid leukemia in which abnormal PROMYELOCYTES predominate. It is frequently associated with DISSEMINATED INTRAVASCULAR COAGULATION.
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