Impaired memory for syntactical information in poor readers.
Summary of "Impaired memory for syntactical information in poor readers."
Syntactical knowledge is vital for the comprehension and production of any language and this knowledge has also been shown to aid short-term memory (Perham, Marsh & Jones, 2009). Given that people with dyslexia are known to have difficulties in processing long-term serial order information which can be argued to underpin the use of syntactical rules, the following study explored a larger population-those who were high or low in reading abilities-and their ability to recall six-item word lists in both syntactically congruent and syntactically incongruent orders. Analyses revealed that the low reading group showed a syntactical congruency effect, but the high reading group did not. Results are discussed in terms of language and short-term memory.
a Department of Applied Psychology , Cardiff Metropolitan University , Cardiff , UK.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Memory (Hove, England)
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22924330
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09658211.2012.714789
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Temporary storage of information for a few seconds to hours, as opposed to long-term memory which refers to material stored for days, years, or a lifetime.
Remembrance of information from 3 or more years previously.
Complex mental function having four distinct phases: (1) memorizing or learning, (2) retention, (3) recall, and (4) recognition. Clinically, it is usually subdivided into immediate, recent, and remote memory.
Loss of higher cortical functions with retained awareness due to multiple cortical or subcortical CEREBRAL INFARCTION. Memory, judgment, attention span, and impulse control are often impaired, and may be accompanied by PSEUDOBULBAR PALSY; HEMIPARESIS; reflex abnormalities, and other signs of localized neurologic dysfunction. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1060)
Disturbances in registering an impression, in the retention of an acquired impression, or in the recall of an impression. Memory impairments are associated with DEMENTIA; CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA; ENCEPHALITIS; ALCOHOLISM (see also ALCOHOL AMNESTIC DISORDER); SCHIZOPHRENIA; and other conditions.
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