Discovery of novel PTP1B inhibitors with antihyperglycemic activity.
Summary of "Discovery of novel PTP1B inhibitors with antihyperglycemic activity."
AbstractAim:To discover and optimize a series of novel PTP1B inhibitors containing a thiazolidinone-substituted biphenyl scaffold and to further evaluate the inhibitory effects of these compounds in vitro and in vivo.Methods:A total of 36 thiazolidinone substituted biphenyl scaffold derivatives were prepared. An in vitro biological evaluation was done by Enzyme-based assay. The in vivo efficacy of 7Fb as an antihyperglycemic agent was evaluated in a BKS db/db diabetic mouse model with a dose of 50 mg.kg(-1).d(-1) for 4 weeks.Results:The in vitro biological evaluation showed that compounds 7Fb and 7Fc could increase the insulin-induced tyrosine phosphorylation of IRbeta in CHO/hIR cells. In in vivo experiments, compound 7Fb significantly lowered the postprandial blood glucose, from 29.4+/-1.2 mmol/L with the vehicle to 24.7+/-0.6 mmol/L (P<0.01), and the fasting blood glucose from 27.3+/-1.5 mmol/L with the vehicle to 23.6+/-1.2 mmol/L (P<0.05).Conclusion:A novel series of compounds were discovered to be PTP1B inhibitors. Among them, compound 7Fb significantly lowered the postprandial and fasting glucose levels, and the blood glucose level declined more rapidly than in metformin-treated mice. Thus, 7Fb may be a potential lead compound for developing new agents for the treatment of type II diabetes.
The State Key Laboratory of Drug Research, Shanghai Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201203, China.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Acta pharmacologica Sinica
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20686525
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/aps.2010.81
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Compounds that inhibit the activity of DNA TOPOISOMERASES.
Neurotransmitter Uptake Inhibitors
Drugs that inhibit the transport of neurotransmitters into axon terminals or into storage vesicles within terminals. For many transmitters, uptake determines the time course of transmitter action so inhibiting uptake prolongs the activity of the transmitter. Blocking uptake may also deplete available transmitter stores. Many clinically important drugs are uptake inhibitors although the indirect reactions of the brain rather than the acute block of uptake itself is often responsible for the therapeutic effects.
Tor Serine-threonine Kinases
A serine threonine kinase that controls a wide range of growth-related cellular processes. The protein is referred to as the target of RAPAMYCIN due to the discovery that TACROLIMUS (commonly known as rapamycin) forms an inhibitory complex with TACROLIMUS BINDING PROTEIN 1A that blocks the action of its enzymatic activity.
Drugs that mimic the effects of parasympathetic nervous system activity. Included here are drugs that directly stimulate muscarinic receptors and drugs that potentiate cholinergic activity, usually by slowing the breakdown of acetylcholine (CHOLINESTERASE INHIBITORS). Drugs that stimulate both sympathetic and parasympathetic postganglionic neurons (GANGLIONIC STIMULANTS) are not included here.
Topoisomerase I Inhibitors
Compounds that inhibit the activity of DNA TOPOISOMERASE I.
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